William McKinley was born January 29, 1843 in Niles, Ohio. Following his service in the Union Army throughout the Civil War under Rutherford Hayes, he was attracted to service in the Republican Party. Yellow journalism at that time encouraged McKinley to begin a war with Spain, resulting in an American global empire.
William McKinley was born January 29, 1843, in Niles, Ohio. As a young man, he briefly attended Allegheny College before taking a place as a country schoolteacher. Following the departures, in rapid sequence, of her mom and her two young daughters early within their union, Ida’s health quickly deteriorated, and she spent the remainder of her life as a continual invalid. McKinley patiently catered to his wife throughout his burgeoning political career, gaining praise from people for his adoring dedication to her.
Following a tariff measure bearing his name passed in 1890, voters rejected McKinley as well as other Republicans due to increasing consumer costs and he returned to Ohio. The next year, he ran for governor, winning by a slim margin; he’d serve two terms because place. After the so called Panic of 1893 led to a crippling economic depression in America, McKinley and his fellow Republicans regained the political edge on the Democrats.
McKinley won the Republican presidential nomination in 1896 thanks to his congressional and gubernatorial encounter, his longtime support of protectionism as well as the proficient maneuvering of his main supporter, the rich Ohio industrialist Marcus Alonzo Hanna. In the general election, McKinley faced William Jennings Bryan, who ran on a program assaulting the gold standard and supporting the coinage of silver in addition to gold.
Shortly after taking office, McKinley called a special session of Congress as a way to increase customs duties, an attempt he considered would reduce other taxes and support the development of national business and employment for American workers. The effect was the Dingley Tariff Act (sponsored by the Maine representative Nelson Dingley), the maximum protective tariff in American history. McKinley’s support for the Dingley Tariff reinforced his standing with organized labour, while his typically business-friendly government permitted industrial mixes or “trusts” to develop at an unprecedented speed.
It was foreign affairs that will determine McKinley’s presidential heritage, beginning with the on-going struggle in Cuba, where Spanish forces were trying to repress a revolutionary movement. Although the American press and people were outraged from the bloodshed, McKinley expected to prevent intervention, and pressed Spain to make concessions.
From early May to mid-August, U.S. forces conquered Spain near Santiago harbor in Cuba, invaded Puerto Rico and captured Manila in the Philippines. The Treaty of Paris, signed in December 1898 and narrowly ratified by Congress the following February, formally ended the Spanish-American War. Inside, Spain ceded Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines to America and Cuba gained its autonomy.
McKinley’s government also pursued an powerful “Open Door” policy planned as supporting American commercial interests in China and ensuring a powerful U.S. standing in world markets. In 1900, McKinley again faced William Jennings Bryan, who ran on an anti imperialism program, and was reelected having a larger margin of success than he got four years before.
The results represented the American people’s satisfaction with all the results of the Spanish-American War as well as the nation’s economic prosperity. The tour finished in Buffalo, Ny, where he gave a speech on September 5 in front of 50,000 individuals at the Pan-American Exposition.
The next day, McKinley was standing in a receiving line in the exposition when a jobless Detroit factory worker named Leon Czolgosz shot him twice in the chest at point blank range. (Czolgosz, an anarchist, after confessed to the shooting and claimed to have killed the president because he was the “enemy of individuals.” He was executed in October 1901.) Ran to a Buffalo hospital, McKinley initially received a optimistic prediction, but gangrene set in around his wounds and he died eight days after. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt succeeded him.