The innovation came as an outcome of AT&T’s request to improve upon their telephone service. By amplifying the elecritcity needed for telephone service with all the transistor, compared to using ineffective vacuum tubes, Brattain is considered to have helped introduce the “Information Age.” Brattain, along with his team, received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956. He expired on October 13, 1987, in Seattle. Physicist Walter Houser Brattain was created on February 10, 1902, in Amoy, China, where his dad was teaching. In 1928, he started working in the National Bureau of Standards as a radio engineer. He left a year later to join Bell Laboratories.
Brattain’s research was focused on the surface properties of solids as well as the variations of the atomic arrangement of a substance’s interior and outside. He worked to comprehend the properties of semiconductors, materials that can conduct more or less electricity transiently. During the Second World War, he spent a couple of years working on technology to find subs.
Following the war, AT&T wanted to enlarge and enhance their telephone service. During the time, service was dependent on unreliable vacuum tubes, needed to amplify the electric current by controlling electron flow. AT&T consulted Bell Laboratories to innovate the process, and research leader William B. Shockley recruited Brattain and John Bardeen to join the job.
The guys changed the face of contemporary technology. In 1947, the team found a method to replace the vacuum tube by putting a treated wafer of germanium (a semiconductor) between two golden point contacts and with a plastic triangle wrapped in golden decoration to amplify the electricity. The ensuing creation was dubbed a point-contact transistor. The apparatus was perfected and in the end, the transistor was smaller, more dependable and created lower rates of heat compared to vacuum tube. Contemplated the forerunner of contemporary electronic equipment as well as the microchip, the transistor ushered in the “Information Age.” The guys shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for their discovery in 1956. Brattain continued research at Bell Laboratories until his retirement in 1967. He relocated to Washington and educated as an adjunct professor at Whitman College. In 1935, Brattain wed Dr. Karen Gilmore. In 1958, Brattain remarried Emma Jane Miller.