|Full name||Chloe Anthony Wofford|
|Know as||Toni Morrison, Morrison, Toni|
|Birth place||Lorain, Ohio, United States|
|Age||88 years, 3 month, 26 days|
Chloe Anthony Wofford sourcesimdb.com/name/nm0607339
Chloe Anthony Wofford Biography:
Her novels are famous for their epic subjects, graphic dialogue and richly detailed black characters. Morrison has won virtually every novel prize potential. She’s been given honorary degrees.
Her dad, George Wofford, worked mostly as a welder, but held several occupations simultaneously to support the family. Her mom, Ramah, was a domestic worker.
Surviving within an integrated neighborhood, Morrison failed to become completely conscious of racial sections until she was in her teens. “When I had been in first grade, nobody believed I had been subordinate.
She majored in English, and selected the classics for her minor. After graduating from Howard in 1953, Morrison continued her schooling at Cornell University. She wrote her dissertation on the works of Virginia Woolf and William Faulkner, and finished her master’s degree in 1955. She subsequently moved to Texas to teach English at Texas Southern University.
Following the arrival of her son, Morrison joined a writers group that met on campus.
Morrison chose to leave Howard in 1963. After spending the summer traveling along with her family in Europe, she returned to America along with her son. Her husband, however, had determined to move back to Jamaica. At that time, Morrison was pregnant with their second kid. She moved back home to reside together with her family in Ohio before the arrival of son Slade in 1964. The next year, she moved with her sons to Syracuse, Ny, where she worked to get a textbook publisher as a senior editor. Morrison after went to work for Random House, where she edited works for such writers as Toni Cade Bambara and Gayl Jones.
Morrison’s first novel, The Bluest Eye, was printed in 1970. It told the story of a young African American girl who believes her very hard life would be better if just she’d blue eyes. The novel received warm reviews, but it did not sell well. Morrison continued to learn more about the African American experience in its many forms and time periods in her work. Her next novel, Sula (1973), investigates nice and bad through the friendship of two girls who grew up together.
Song of Solomon (1977) became the initial work by an African American writer to be a featured collection in the novel-of-the-month club since Native Son by Richard Wright. Morrison received numerous accolades with this work.
A rising literary star, Morrison was named to the National Council on the Arts in 1980. The next year, Tar Baby was released. The novel drew some inspiration from folktales, also it received a decidedly mixed reaction from critics. Her next work, nevertheless, proved to be among her best masterpieces. Love (1987) investigates love as well as the supernatural. The primary character, a former slave, is haunted by her determination to kill her children rather than see them become slaves. Three of her children lived, but her baby daughter died at her hand. With this spellbinding work, Morrison won several literary awards, such as the 1988 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. Ten years after, in 1998, the novel was become a film starring Oprah Winfrey.
Morrison became a professor at Princeton University in 1989, and continued to make great works. In recognition of her contributions to her area, she received the 1993 Nobel Prize in Literature, making her the first African American girl to be chosen for the prize. The next year, she published the novel Jazz, which investigates married love and treachery.
At Princeton, Morrison created a unique workshop for writers and performers called the Princeton Atelier in 1994. The application was made to assist pupils create original works in various artistic disciplines. Outside of her academic work, Morrison continued to compose new works of fiction. Her next novel, Paradise (1998), which focused on a fictional African American town called Ruby, earned mixed reviews.
In 1999, Morrison branched out to children’s literature. (2003).
Her next novel, Love (2003), breaks up its story involving the previous and current. Bill Cosey, a rich entrepreneur and owner of the Cosey Hotel and Resort, is the centre figure in the work. The flashbacks research his life, while his departure throws a long shadow on today’s area of the narrative. A critic for Publisher’s Weekly praised the work, saying that “Morrison has crafted a gorgeous, stately novel whose mysteries are slowly unearthed.”
In 2006, Morrison announced she was retiring from her place at Princeton. That year, The New York Times Book Review named Beloved the top novel of the previous 25 years. The opera debuted in the New York City Opera in 2007.
Morrison traveled back to the first days of captivity in America for her next novel, A Clemency. Yet again, a girl who’s both a slave as well as a mom must make a horrible choice regarding her kid. As a critic in the Washington Post described it, the novel is “a fusion of mystery, history and yearning.” Along with her many novels, Morrison has composed several works of nonfiction. She printed collection of her nonfiction writings entitled What Moves in the Margin in 2008.
A winner for the artwork, Morrison spoke out about censorship in October 2009 after among her novels was prohibited at a Michigan high school. She served as editor for Burn This Book, a set of essays on censorship as well as the power of the written word, that has been published that same year. She told a crowd assembled for the start of the Free Speech Leadership Council in regards to the need for fighting censorship. “The idea that leads me to consider with anxiety the erasure of other voices, of unwritten novels, poems whispered or swallowed for anxiety about being overheard by the inappropriate folks, outlawed languages thriving underground, essayists’ questions challenging power never being modeled, unstaged plays, deleted pictures—that idea is a nightmare. As though a entire universe has been described in invisible ink,” Morrison said.
She released her latest novel, House, in 2012. She once again investigates a amount of American history—this time the post-Korean War era. In selecting this setting, “I was looking to take the scab off the ’50s, the overall thought of it as quite cozy, joyful, homesick. Mad Men. Oh, please. There was a terrible war you did not call a war, where 58,000 people perished. There was McCarthy,” Morrison describe to the Guardian newspaper.
While composing the novel, Morrison experienced a great personal loss. Her son Slade, an artist, expired in December 2010. The pair had collaborated together on several children’s books, including Big Box (1999) and Little Cloud and Lady Wind (2010).