Shriver served as a political administrator and diplomat for a long time, but is possibly famous for designing the U.S. Peace Corps, which was created in 1961, following a suggestion for a national volunteer corps by President John F. Kennedy. From its Shriver served as first director of the corporation from its beginning until 1966. After President Kennedy’s assassination in 1963, he worked for Lyndon B. Johnson’s government. He perished in 2011.
The son of a banker, Shriver spent his early years in the Baltimore region. He was an outstanding pupil, winning a scholarship into a New Milford, Connecticut Catholic boarding school. After finishing his bachelor’s degree in 1938, Shriver registered at Yale Law School. Earning his law degree in 1941, he chose to join up with the U.S. Navy, and went on to distinguish himself during World War II. He received the Purple Heart after he was wounded at Guadalcanal.
After five years of responsibility, Shriver returned to civilian life. Shortly, Shriver went to work for Joseph Kennedy, handling a commercial enterprise in Chicago. He married Eunice in 1953. The couple would have five kids together: Robert Sargent III, Maria, Timothy, Mark and Anthony.
Active in civil matters in Chicago, Sargent Shriver went to the national period when his brother in law, John F. Kennedy, ran for the U.S. presidency in 1960. He helped out on the campaign and, following JFK’s election success, worked within the Kennedy administration. Shriver became the driving vision behind President Kennedy’s suggestion to get a government-supported international volunteer bureau, that was created in 1961 as the U.S. Peace Corps.
After President Kennedy’s assassination in 1963, Shriver worked within Lyndon B. Johnson’s government, handling social and economical problems through a tactical plan called the “war on poverty”; this strategy led to the development of programs such as Head Start, Job Corps and Foster Grandparents. Entering the sphere of international politics, Shriver served as the U.S. ambassador to France from 1968 to 1970. In 1972, he made his only play for national office, running as the Democratic vice presidential nominee alongside presidential hopeful George McGovern.
In the late 1970s, Shriver focused on enhancing understanding between different religions, and brought together Christian, Jewish and Muslim leaders to meet and discuss spiritual problems. Shriver also strove to help those with handicaps. In 1984, he became president of the Special Olympics, an organization founded by his own wife, Eunice Kennedy. Shriver helped the organization grow globally during his tenure. Diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease in 2003, Shriver resided in a particular-care facility close to the conclusion of his life. He expired on January 18, 2011, in the age of 95, in Bethesda, Maryland.