Produced in Tampico, Illinois, on February 6, 1911, Ronald Reagan initially selected a career in entertainment, appearing in over 50 pictures. He served two terms as governor of California. Initially a liberal Democrat, Reagan ran for the U.S. presidency as a traditional Republican and won two periods, starting in 1980. His dad nicknamed him “Dutch,” saying he resembled “a fat little Dutchman.” During Reagen’s early childhood, his family lived in some towns, eventually settling in Dixon, Illinois, in 1920, where Jack Reagan started a shoe store. During summer vacations, he was employed as a lifeguard in Dixon. In 1937, Reagan signed a seven-year contract using the Warner Brothers movie studio. During the following three decades, he appeared in over 50 pictures. Another notable character was in the 1942 movie Kings Row, in which Reagan impersonates an accident victim who wakes up to find his legs are amputated and cries out, “Where Is the rest of me?”
In 1940, Reagan married actress Jane Wyman, with whom he’d daughter Maureen and adopted a son, Michael. The couple divorced in 1948. He left the military ranked as a captain. In this period, he met actress Nancy Davis, who’d sought his help after she was wrongly recorded as a potential communist sympathizer on the “Hollywood blacklist.” Both were instantly attracted to every other, but Reagan was suspicious of wedding again because of his painful divorce from Jane Wyman. Over time, he acknowledged Nancy as his kindred spirit, and they were married in 1952. The pair had two children, Patricia and Ronald.
As Reagan’s movie career began to plateau, he got work as host of the weekly television drama show The General Electric Theater, in 1954. A part of his duty as sponsor was to tour the Usa as a public relations representative for General Electric. It was during this time that his political views shifted from liberal to conservative; he directed pro-company dialogues, speaking out against excessive government management and wasteful spending—principal subjects of his future political career.
Reagan stepped to the national political limelight in 1964, when he gave a well-received televised address for Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater, a leading conservative. He was reelected to another period in 1970. After making unsuccessful bids for the Republican presidential nomination in 1968 and 1976, Reagan ultimately received his party’s nod in 1980. At age 69, Reagan was the oldest man elected to the U.S. presidency.
In his inaugural speech on January 20, 1981, Reagan rhetorically declared that “government isn’t the solution to our difficulties; authorities is the issue.” He called for an age of national renewal and expected that America would again be “a beacon of hope for those that would not have liberty.” He along with his wife, Nancy Reagan, ushered in a fresh age of glamor to the White House, with designer trends as well as a significant redecoration of the executive mansion.
On March 30, 1981, as President Ronald Reagan was leaving the Washington Hilton Hotel with several of his advisers, shots rang out and fast-thinking Secret Service representatives throw Reagan into his limo. After in the vehicle, aides found the president was strike. His would be assassin, John Hinckley Jr., also shot three other individuals, none of them fatally. In the hospital, physicians discovered the gunman’s bullet had pierced among the president’s lungs and narrowly missed his heart. Reagan, known for his good natured humor, afterwards told his wife, “Honey, I forgot to duck.”
On the national front, President Reagan improved policies that reduced social plans and limitations on company. Tax cuts were implemented to arouse the United States’ market. He also recommended for increases in military spending, decreases in specific social plans and measures to deregulate company. By 1983, the country ‘s market had started to recuperate and, according to a lot of economists, entered a seven-year amount of prosperity. Critics charged that his policies had really raised the deficit and hurt the middle class and poor, yet. In 1981, Reagan made history by making Sandra Day O’Connor as the very first girl to the U.S. Supreme Court.
The most pressing foreign policy problem of Ronald Reagan’s first period was the Cold War. Dubbing the Soviet Union “the evil empire,” Reagan embarked on a huge accumulation of U.S. weapons and troops. He executed the “Reagan Doctrine,” which supplied support to anticommunist movements in Africa, Asia and Latin America. In 1983, he declared the Strategic Defense Initiative, a strategy aiming to develop space-based weapons to shield America from attacks by Soviet nuclear missiles. Almost one year after, in October 1983, suicide bombers attacked the Marine barracks in Beirut, killing 241 Americans. Along with the issues in Lebanon and Grenada, the Reagan administration needed to address an on-going contentious relationship involving America and Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi.
During his second term, Reagan invented a diplomatic relationship together with the reform minded Mikhail Gorbachev, chairman of the Soviet Union. In 1987, the Americans and Soviets signed a historic deal to get rid of intermediate-range nuclear missiles. The exact same year, Reagan talked at Germany’s Berlin Wall, a sign of communism, and notoriously challenged Gorbachev to tear it down. Twenty nine months after, Gorbachev let the individuals of Berlin to dismantle the wall, stopping Soviet domination of East Germany. After leaving the White House, Reagan returned to Germany in September 1990—just weeks before Germany was formally reunified—and, with a hammer, took several representational swings at a staying ball of the wall.
In November 1984, Ronald Reagan was reelected in a landslide, defeating Democratic challenger Walter Mondale. His second period was tarnished by the Iran-Contra affair, a convoluted “arms-for-hostages” deal with Iran to funnel cash toward anti communist insurgencies in Central America. Though he initially denied knowing about it, Reagan after declared that it was a blunder. After leaving the White House in January 1989, Reagan and wife Nancy returned for their residence in La, California.
In November 1994, Reagan disclosed in a handwritten letter to the American people he had lately been identified as having Alzheimer’s disease. Almost a decade after, on June 5, 2004, he died at his Los Angeles home at age 93, making him the country’s longest-lived president then. (In 2006, Gerald Ford surpassed him for this title.) A state funeral was held in Washington, D.C., and Reagan was afterwards buried on the grounds of his presidential library in California.