Although the Union won the war, Lee continues to be revered by many while others debate his strategies. He went to become president of Washington College. Lee was cut from Virginia aristocracy. His extended family members comprised a president, a chief justice of America, and signers of the Declaration of Independence. His father, Colonel Henry Lee, also called “Light-Horse Harry,” had served as a cavalry leader throughout the Revolutionary War and gone to turned into one the war’s heroes, gaining praise from General George Washington.
Lee viewed himself as an expansion of his family’s greatness. At 18, he enrolled at West Point Military Academy, where he set his drive and serious head to work. But while Mary as well as the kids spent their lives on Mary’s dad’s plantation, Lee remained devoted to his military duties. His Army faithfulness moved him around the united states, from Savannah to Baltimore, St. Louis to New York.
In 1846, Lee got the opportunity he had been waiting his entire military career for when the United States Of America went to war with Mexico. Serving under General Winfield Scott, Lee recognized himself as a courageous battle commander and excellent tactician. In the wake of the U.S. triumph over its neighbor, Lee was held up as a hero. Scott showered Lee with special compliments, saying that in the big event the U.S. went into another war, the authorities should consider taking out a life insurance policy on the commander.
But life from the battle field proved challenging for Lee to manage. He fought with all the everyday tasks related to his work and life. To get a time, he returned to his own wife’s family’s plantation to handle the estate, after the passing of his father in law. The property had fallen under hard times, and for two long years, he attempted to allow it to be profitable again.
In 1859 Lee returned to the Army, accepting a thankless place in a solitary cavalry outpost in Texas. In October of this year, Lee got a break when he was summoned to put a finish to your slave insurrection headed by John Brown at Harper’s Ferry. Lee’s orchestrated assault took only one hour to finish the revolt, and his achievement set him on a brief set of names to direct the Union Army should the country go to war.
But Lee’s dedication to the Army was superseded by his devotion to Virginia. After turning down an offer from President Abraham Lincoln to control the Union forces, Lee stepped down in the military and returned home. While Lee had misgivings about focusing a war on the slavery problem, when Virginia voted to secede from the country on April 18, 1861, Lee consented to help direct the Confederate forces. Within the following year, Lee again distinguished himself on the battle field. In August of this year, he gave the Confederacy a vital victory at Second Manassas.
However, not all went well. He courted disaster when he attempted to cross the Potomac, just barely escaping in the bloody conflict called Antietam. Inside, almost 14,000 of his men were captured, wounded or killed. From July 1 to July 3, 1863, Lee’s forces endured another round of significant casualties in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The three-day standoff, called the Battle of Gettysburg, nearly ruined his military, stopping Lee’s invasion of the North and helping to turn the war around for the Union.
By early 1865 the destiny of the war was clear, a fact driven home on April 2 when Lee was compelled to left Richmond. A week after, a hesitant and despondent Lee surrendered to Grant at a private home in Appomattox, Virginia. “And I’d rather die a thousand deaths.” He finally accepted work as president of a little school in western Virginia, and kept quiet about the country ‘s politics after the war. He died at his residence, surrounded by family, on October 12.