Produced in Moscow, Russia on June 9, 1672, Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th century who’s famous for his wide-ranging reforms in a effort to create Russia as a great country. He created a powerful navy, reorganized his military in accordance with Western standards, secularized schools, managed greater management on the reactionary Orthodox Church, and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the united states. Peter inherited a country that has been seriously underdeveloped when compared with the culturally affluent European nations. While the Renaissance as well as the Reformation swept through Europe, Russia rejected westernization and stayed isolated from modernization.
During his reign, Peter undertook wide-ranging reforms in a venture to reestablish Russia as a great country. Peter defeated resistance in the nation ‘s medieval aristocracy and began a number of developments that impacted all regions of Russian life. He created a powerful navy, reorganized his military in accordance with Western standards, secularized schools, managed greater control on the reactionary Orthodox Church, and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the united states.
Peter focused on the creation of science and recruited several specialists to prepare his folks about technological progress. He concentrated on developing trade and industry and created a gentrified bourgeoisie people. Reflecting Western culture, he modernized the Russian alphabet, introduced the Julian calendar, and created the very first Russian paper.
Peter was a farsighted and skillful diplomat who abolished Russia’s archaic form of government and made a workable Senate, which controlled all divisions of management, in addition to making, groundbreaking achievements in Russia’s foreign policy. In 1709, he got the better of the Swedish military by purposely directing their troops to town of Poltva, in the middle of an intolerable Russian winter. In 1712, Peter created the city of St. Petersburg on the Neva River and transferred the capital there from its former place in Moscow.
Under Peter’s rule, Russia became a great European nation. Although he proved to be a successful leader, Peter was likewise regarded as cruel and tyrannical. The high taxes that normally accompanied his various reforms led to revolts among citizens, which were promptly suppressed by the visiting ruler. Peter, a daunting 6 1/2 feet tall, was a fine guy who drank excessively and harbored violent inclinations.
Peter married twice and had 11 kids, a number of whom died in infancy. The oldest son from his first marriage, Alexis, was convicted of high treason by his dad and secretly executed in 1718. Peter the Great expired on February 8, 1725, without nominating an heir. He’s entombed in the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, situated in in St. Petersburg.