Produced on October 16, 1854 in Dublin, Irish writer Oscar Wilde is famous for the novel The Picture of Dorian Gray as well as the play The Importance of Being Earnest, along with for his notorious arrest and imprisonment for being homosexual. His dad, William Wilde, was an acclaimed physician who had been knighted for his work as medical adviser for the Irish censuses. William Wilde afterwards founded St. Mark’s Ophthalmic Hospital, completely at his own personal expense, to treat the city’s poor.
Wilde was a brilliant and bookish kid. He won the school’s prize for the top classics pupil in every one of his last couple of years, along with second prize in drawing during his final year. Upon graduating in 1871, Wilde was given the Royal School Scholarship to attend Trinity College in Dublin. By the end of his first year at Trinity, in 1872, he put first in the institution ‘s classics assessment and received the school’s Foundation Scholarship, the highest honour given to undergraduates.
Upon his graduation in 1874, Wilde received the Berkeley Gold Medal as Trinity’s greatest pupil in Greek, along with the Demyship scholarship for additional study at Magdalen College in Oxford. At Oxford, Wilde continued to shine academically, receiving first class marks from his examiners in both classics and classical easing. It was also at Oxford that Wilde made his first continual efforts at creative writing. In 1878, the year of his graduation, his poem “Ravenna” won the Newdigate Prize to find the best English poetry composition via an Oxford undergraduate.
Upon graduating from Oxford, Wilde moved to London to live together with his buddy, Frank Miles, a favorite portraitist among London’s high society. There, he continued to concentrate on composing poetry, publishing his first collection, Poems, in 1881. While the novel received only small critical praise, it nonetheless created Wilde as an up and coming writer. Another year, in 1882, Wilde traveled from London to Nyc to set out on an American lecture tour, that he presented a shocking 140 lectures in just nine months. Wilde particularly respected Whitman. “There is not any one in this broad great world of America whom I adore and honor so much,” he afterwards wrote to his idol.
Upon the finish of his American tour, Wilde returned home and promptly commenced another lecture circuit of England and Ireland that continued until the midst of 1884. Through his lectures, in addition to his early poetry, Wilde created himself as a top proponent of the aesthetic movement, a theory of art and literature that stressed the pursuit of beauty for its benefit, rather than to promote any political or social point of view.
On May 29, 1884, Wilde wed a rich Englishwoman named Constance Lloyd. They had two sons: Cyril, produced in 1885, and Vyvyan, produced in 1886. During his two years editing Lady’s World, Wilde revitalized the magazine by enlarging its coverage to “deal not only with what girls wear, but with what they believe and the things they feel. The Lady’s World,” wrote Wilde, “needs to be made the established organ for the expression of women’s views on all matters of literature, art and contemporary life, and yet it needs to be a magazine that guys could read with delight.”
Starting in 1888, while he was still serving as editor of Lady’s World, Wilde entered a seven-year amount of fierce imagination, during which he made almost all of his great literary works. In 1888, seven years after he composed Poems, Wilde published The Happy Prince and Other Tales, a group of children’s stories. In 1891, he released Goals, an essay collection claiming the tenets of aestheticism, and the exact same year, he released his first and only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray. The novel is a cautionary tale of an attractive young man, Dorian Gray, who wants (and receives his wish) that his portrait ages while he stays youthful and lives a life of sin and joy. Although novel is now revered as a great and classic work, in the time critics were outraged from the publication’s evident dearth of morality.
Wilde’s first play, Lady Windermere’s Fan, started in February 1892 to widespread popularity and critical acclaim, motivating Wilde to embrace playwriting as his main literary kind. During the the next couple of years, Wilde produced several amazing plays witty, highly satirical comedies of manners that still included dreary and serious undertones. Around the exact same time he was enjoying his greatest literary success, Wilde commenced an affair using a young man named Lord Alfred Douglas. The choice destroyed his life. Wilde was convicted on May 25, 1895 and sentenced to a couple of years in penitentiary.
He went into exile in France, where, living in cheap hotels and buddies’ flats, he briefly reunited with Douglas. Wilde composed very little during these last years; his only famous work was a poem he finished in 1898 about his experiences in prison, “The Ballad of Reading Gaol.” Wilde died of meningitis on November 30, 1900 in the age of 46. Over a century after his passing, Wilde is still better remembered for his private life his exuberant style, consummate wit and ill-famed imprisonment for homosexuality than for his literary achievements.
Throughout his lifetime, Wilde stayed deeply devoted to the principles of aestheticism, principles he expounded through his lectures and illustrated through his works also as anyone of his age. “Those who go beneath the surface do so at their risk. People who read the symbol do so at their risk. It’s the viewer, and not life, that art really mirrors. Diversity of opinion about a work of art demonstrates the work is new, complicated and critical.”