|Full name||Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II|
|Know as||Oscar Hammerstein II, Hammerstein, Oscar, Ii, Hammerstein, Oscar Greeley Clendenning, II|
|Birth place||New York City, New York, USA|
|Lived||65 years, 1 month, 11 days|
|Height||6' 3" (1.91 m)|
Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II sourcesrnh.com/bio/154/Hammerstein-II-Oscar
Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II Biography:
Oscar Hammerstein II was born on July 12, 1895, in Nyc. In 1925, Hammerstein and Jerome Kern co-composed Show Boat. The 1950s brought a sequence of Tony Award winning works for the team. Oscar Hammerstein II was born in Nyc on July 12, 1895, into a family who worked in theatre. His dad, William, managed a vaudeville theater, while his grandfather, Oscar Hammerstein I, was a famous opera impresario. Hammerstein’s uncle Arthur was a successful producer of Broadway musicals. While Hammerstein was studying pre-law at Columbia University, he started playing in the institution ‘s Varsity Show revues.
As his passion for theatre started to eclipse his fascination with law, Hammerstein discussed his Uncle Arthur into employing him as an assistant stage manager. A couple of years after, he married his first wife, Myra Finn. The couple had two children, named William and Alice. In 1919, Arthur promoted his nephew to production stage manager, affording youthful Hammerstein the possibility to rewrite scripts needing development. Additionally in 1919, Hammerstein wrote his own play, called The Light, and his uncle made it. In spite of the play’s comparative failure, Hammerstein forged ahead along with his writing.
Hammerstein first found success as a librettist with Wildflower, a cooperation with Otto Harbach created in 1923. He reached even greater success with 1924’s Rose Marie, which he created in collaboration with Harbach along with Herbert Stothart and Rudolf Friml. While composing Rose Marie, Hammerstein met Jerome Kern. In 1925 the duo teamed up to compose Show Boat. The successful musical put Hammerstein to the map as a writer and lyricist. Kern and Hammerstein went to compose a total of eight musicals collectively.
Hammerstein’s second union given one son, named James. He also eventually broken up his pair with Jerome Kern to partner up completely with that former Columbia undergrad, Richard Rodgers. The Rodgers and Hammerstein team immediately made a smash hit: In 1943, their first Broadway musical collectively, Oklahoma!, won a Pulitzer Prize. In 1950 the duo scored another Pulitzer using the musical South Pacific.
While still in his professional prime, Oscar Hammerstein II lost his fight with stomach cancer on August 23, 1960. He died at his house in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. In 1995 Hammerstein’s centennial was celebrated all around the globe with records, publications and concerts created to commemorate the “guy who owned Broadway.”