Produced on October 25, 1917, in Bizana, South Africa, Oliver Tambo started the first black law firm in the united states with Nelson Mandela. Tambo returned to South Africa in 1990, turning over party direction to Mandela. Of small farming sources, Tambo earned a scholarship to attend the University of Fort Hare, the sole university open to black citizens in the united states, where he studied instruction and science. Tambo received his bachelor’s degree in 1941. Tambo taught in a missionary school to get a time but preferred to study law, viewing legal action as a strong instrument to dismantle state supported segregation. In 1952, he joined with Mandela to start the Johannesburg-based Mandela and Tambo, the very first black South African law firm. An Anglican, he also had considered a vocation in the priesthood.
Tambo became increasingly in the vanguard of ANC political action, further agitating against apartheid, the caste system applied upon the indigenous black population from the white-managed government. Tambo and other party members were detained in 1956 for treason, though afterwards cleared. In this time, Tambo wed Adelaide Tshukudu, a nurse and member of the ANC’s Youth League; the couple would continue to have three kids. Following the Sharpville protest massacre, where dozens of citizens were killed or hurt, the ANC took on the position of utilizing violent, militant tactics to overthrow apartheid. The party was prohibited by the government and Mandela would be sentenced to life imprisonment. Tambo became working party president in 1967, upon Luthuli’s departure.
Tambo created residences in Zambia and London, England, among other locales, and received party support from some European nations, including Holland, East Germany as well as the Soviet Union. From abroad Tambo organized opposition and guerrilla movements, and, despite inner organizational battles, could help keep the multiracial ANC complete. During the 1980s, with all the unrest in South Africa reaching disorderly heights below the P.W. Botha regime, Tambo was increasingly capable to discover Western support for the circumstances of the individuals, including economic boycotts. Though steadfast in his resolution, Tambo was noticed for his grace, warmth and fondness. He could go back to his native state in 1990, when the prohibition from the ANC was revoked by new South African President F.W. de Klerk. Oliver Reginald Tambo expired on April 24, 1993, in Johannesburg, South Africa.