In a 1956 “secret address,” he discussed Stalin’s offenses for the very first time, beginning a procedure called “de-Stalinization.” He also seen the West, setting a happy face on his brand of “Reform Communism,” though also proven with an abrasive persona. Khrushchev was among the main players in the Cuban Missile Crisis and supervise the construction of the Berlin Wall.
After having several years in the village school, Khrushchev found work in a factory at age fifteen. In 1918, he joined the Communist Party and fought in the Red Army through the Russian Revolution. Following the war, he received a practical instruction and became a true believer of communism. Khrushchev climbed rapidly through the party ranks, becoming an associate of the Central Committee in 1934 and winning election to the Politburo several years after.
After Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953, Khrushchev deftly used his political abilities to transfer or isolate political opponents who endangered his rise to party direction. His deStalinization policy prompted movements against Soviet control in Poland and Hungary. To prevent being deposed, Khrushchev nevertheless used some Stalin-like strategies to break up and outmaneuver opponents.
Domestically, Nikita Khrushchev became known for his remarkable thoughts, with some perceived as more humanistic and others ill conceived. He tried to humanize the Soviet system by loosening constraints on free expression and releasing waves of political prisoners in the notorious Gulag forced labor camps. This resulted in a slow arrival of a dissident movement. Yet Khrushchev also found daring but unattainable agricultural targets by raising generation in places not suited to crops. He relaxed generation on military goods and increased production of consumer goods and then visit cutbacks throughout the arms race.
During much of the Cold War, Nikita Khrushchev could be enticing, playfully combative or belligerent, according to his audience. Freely, he called to get a peaceful coexistence with all the West and then warned “we are going to bury you!” Relationships between the Soviet Union as well as the Usa cooled significantly following the downing of an American U2 spy plane in 1960. The next year, the unsuccessful U.S.-backed Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba and the beginning of building on the Berlin Wall in Germany further worsened relationships.
In early 1962, Nikita Khrushchev had formulated a strategy to put nuclear missiles in Cuba. In October, the United States discovered the missiles being installed and set a naval blockade across the island nation. After 13 days of intense discussions, the catastrophe ended with Russia consenting to take off the missiles. America consented to remove their Jupiter missiles from Turkey and Italy and not invade Cuba.
Although the arrangement averted a nuclear confrontation, much to the relief of all the world, senior Communist Party officials viewed it as a loss of stature for the Soviet Union. This, in addition to two years of poor economic growth and strained relations with China, among other problems, gave Khrushchev’s political opponents in the Kremlin enough impetus to oust him from power. Nikita Khrushchev died of natural causes on September 11, 1971.