Miles Davis – TV-14 is regarded as among the best musicians of his age.
Instrumental in the evolution of jazz, Miles Davis is regarded as among the best musicians of his age. Produced in Illinois in 1926, he went at age 18 to nyc to pursue music. Throughout his life, he was at the helm of a shifting notion of jazz.
Davis grew up in a supporting middle class family, where he was introduced by his dad to the trumpet at age 13. Davis rapidly developed a gift for playing the trumpet underneath the private tutelage of Elwood Buchanan, a buddy of his dad who directed a music school. Buchanan stressed playing the trumpet without vibrato, that was contrary to the common style employed by trumpeters including Louis Armstrong, and which will come to affect and help develop the Miles Davis design.
Shortly after, in 1944, Davis left Illinois for New York, where he’d shortly register in the Juilliard School (understood at that time as the Institute of Musical Art).
While taking classes at Juilliard, Davis sought out Charlie Parker and, after Parker joined him, started to play at Harlem clubs. Through the shows, Davis met several musicians whom he’d eventually play with and form the foundation for bebop, a quick, improvisational kind of jazz instrumental that explained the modern jazz age.
In 1945, Miles Davis elected, along with his dad’s permission, to drop out of Juilliard and develop into a full time jazz musician. An associate of the Charlie Parker Quintet at that time, Davis made his first record as a bandleader in 1946 with the Miles Davis Sextet. Between 1945 and 1948, Davis and Parker recorded constantly. It was during this interval that Davis worked on developing the improvisational style that explained his trumpet playing.
In 1949, Davis formed a nine-piece group with unusual add-ons, for example the French horn, trombone and tuba. Miles Davis released some singles that would afterwards be considered an important contribution to modern jazz. They were afterwards released within the record Birth of the Cool.
While Davis was still in a position to record, it turned out to be a tough period for the musician and his performances were haphazard. There, Davis also created a long-lasting group, comprised of John Coltrane, Paul Chambers and Red Garland.
Davis recorded several records together with his sextet throughout the 1950s, including Porgy and Bess and Kind of Blue, his final record of the decade, released in 1959. Now regarded as among the greatest jazz records ever recorded, Kind of Blue is credited as the biggest-selling jazz record of them all, selling more than 2 million copies.
His group transformed over time, mainly due to new group members and changes in style. The various members of his group went to become a few of the very influential musicians of the jazz fusion age.
The growth of jazz fusion was determined by musicians like Jimi Hendrix and Sly and the Family Stone, representing the “fusion” of jazz and rock. The record Bitches Brew, recorded several weeks following the 1969 Woodstock Music Festival, set the stage for the jazz fusion movement to check out. Bitches Brew shortly became a bestselling record. Because of this, Davis was featured on the cover of Rolling Stone magazine—becoming the first jazz musician to be thus recognized. For his conventional supporters, this change of design wasn’t welcome, but it exemplifies Davis’s capacity to test and push the limits of his own music style.
In 1975, Davis was once again drawn into drug abuse, becoming dependent on booze and cocaine, and later taking a five-year hiatus from his career. In 1979, Davis met Cicely Tyson, an American celebrity, who helped him defeat his cocaine addiction. Miles Davis and Tyson wed in 1981.
From 1979 to 1981, Davis worked on records that culminated in the launch of the record The Man with the Horn, which registered steady sales but was not well-received by critics. Davis spent the 1980s continuing to experiment with different fashions.
Marsalis openly criticized Davis’s work in jazz fusion, asserting that it was not “authentic” jazz. To this very day, the quarrel involving the musicians continues to be credited with making the International Jazz Festival renowned.
Davis reinvented himself yet again in 1986 together with the release of Tutu. Featuring synthesizers, drum loops and samples, the record was well-received and garnered Davis another Grammy Award. This is followed by the release of Aura, an record that Davis had created in 1985 as a homage to the Miles Davis “air,” but was not released until 1989. Davis won yet another Grammy with this job.
Honoring the musician’s work, in 1990, Miles Davis received a Life Achievement Grammy Award. In 1991, Davis played with Quincy Jones in the Montreux Jazz Festival. The two performed a retrospective of Davis’s early work, a number of which he’d not played in public for over 20 years.
Fittingly, his record with Quincy Jones would bring Miles Davis his closing Grammy, awarded posthumously in 1993. The honour was simply another testament to the musician’s profound and enduring impact on jazz.