The Marquis de Lafayette was born on September 6, 1757, in Chavaniac, France. He served the Continental Army with distinction throughout the American Revolutionary War, providing tactical direction while ensuring critical resources from France. Lafayette fled his home country through the French Revolution, but the “Hero of Two Worlds” recovered prominence as a statesman before his passing on May 20, 1834.
Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roche Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, came to be into a household of noble military lineage on September 6, 1757, in Chavaniac, France. Lafayette’s dad was killed in conflict through the Seven Years War, and his mom and grandfather both died in 1770, leaving Lafayette having a huge inheritance. He joined the Royal Army the next year, as well as in 1773 wed 14-year old Marie Adrienne Franoise de Noailles, an associate of another leading French family.
Inspired by stories of the colonists’ battles against British oppression, Lafayette sailed to the recently stated United States in 1777 to join the rebellion. He was initially rebuffed by colonial leaders, however he impressed them with his fire and willingness to serve free of charge, and was named a major general in the Continental Army. His first important fight responsibility came during the September 1777 Battle of Brandywine, when he was shot in the leg while helping arrange a retreat. General George Washington requested physicians to take particular attention of Lafayette, igniting a powerful bond between the two that continued until Washington’s departure.
In May 1778, he outwitted the British sent to seize him at Bunker Hill, afterwards renamed Lafayette Hill, and summoned a rickety Continental strike at Monmouth Courthouse to drive a stalemate. After traveling to France to press Louis XVI for more help, Lafayette assumed increased military duty upon his return to conflict.
With the nation on the brink of important political and societal turmoil, Lafayette recommended to get a governing body representing the three social classes, and drafted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. He fled the state in 1792, but was seized by Austrian forces and did not return to France until 1799. After Charles X was overthrown during the July Revolution in 1830, Lafayette was presented together with the chance to become dictator. The aging statesman demurred to let rule pass to Louis Philippe, and rather was reestablished as commander of the National Guard. Following a battle with pneumonia, he died on May 20, 1834.