Marie Antoinette – Miniature Biography (TV-PG; 3:20) Marie Antoinette was born in 1755 in Austria and helped induce the French Revolution. She became a sign of the surpluses of the kingdom.
Produced on November 2, 1755, in Vienna, Austria, Marie Antoinette helped induce the popular unrest that resulted in the French Revolution and also to the overthrow of the monarchy in August 1792. She became a sign of the surpluses of the monarchy and is frequently credited with all the well-known quotation “Let them eat cake,” although there isn’t any signs she really said it. She received an instruction typical of an 18th century aristocratic girl, focusing mainly on spiritual and ethical principles, while her brothers studied more academic subject matter.
Together with the ending of the Seven Years’ War in 1763, the preservation of a fragile coalition between Austria and France became a precedence for Empress Maria Theresa; cementing alliances through matrimonial links was a standard practice among European royal families at that time. In 1765, Louis, dauphin de France (also called Louis Ferdinand), the son of French monarch Louis XV, expired. His departure made the king’s 11-year old grandson, Louis Auguste, heir to the French throne. Within months, Marie Antoinette and Louis Auguste were vowed to wed each other. In 1768, Louis XV dispatched a coach to Austria to instruct his grandson’s future wife. The coach found Marie Antoinette “more sensible than has been usually assumed,” but added that since “she’s quite idle and incredibly frivolous, she’s difficult to educate.” Marie Antoinette was a kid of just 14 years, finely lovely, with grey-blue eyes and ash blonde hair. In May 1770, she set out for France to be wed, escorted by 57 buggies, 117 footmen and 376 horses.
Marie Antoinette and Louis Auguste were wed on May 16, 1770. The young woman failed to adapt well, nevertheless, into a wedded life that she was clearly not prepared, and her regular letters home shown extreme homesickness. “Madame, my very beloved mom,” she wrote in a single letter, “I ‘ve not received among your cherished letters without having the tears come to my eyes.” She also bristled at a number of the rites she was expected to perform as a woman of the French royal family. “I put on my rouge and scrub my hands before the entire world,” she whined, referring to some rite where she was required to put on her make-up before tons of courtiers.
The styles of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette couldn’t have been more distinct. He was introverted, shy and indecisive, a fan of singular happiness like reading and metalwork; she was vivacious, outgoing and daring, a social butterfly who adored gaming, partying and excessive ways. When she woke up just before midday, he’d been at work all day. Whatever his counsels, they seemingly worked. A year after, Marie Antoinette gave birth to your daughter, Marie Therese Charlotte.
Starting in 1780, Marie Antoinette started spending increasingly more time in the Petit Trianon, her private fortress on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles, nearly always with no king. During the 1780s, using the French government sliding into fiscal chaos and poor crops driving up grain costs all over the united states, Marie Antoinette’s fabulously lavish lifestyle increasingly became the topic of popular ire. Innumerable pamphlets accused the queen of ignorance, extravagance and infidelity, some featuring salacious animations and others dubbing her “Madame Deficit.”
In 1785, an infamous diamond-necklace scandal forever tarnished the queen’s standing. A robber posing as Marie Antoinette had got a 647-diamond necklace and smuggled it to London to be sold off in pieces. Though Marie Antoinette was innocent of any participation, she was still guilty in the eyes of individuals. Refusing to let public criticism change her conduct, in 1786 Marie Antoinette started constructing the Hameau de la Reine, an excessive getaway close to the Petit Trianon in Versailles. At the Tuileries Palace in Paris, the constantly indecisive Louis XVI acted virtually paralyzed, and Marie Antoinette promptly stepped into his area, meeting with advisors and ambassadors and dispatching pressing letters to other European rulers, begging them to help save France’s monarchy.
In a scheme hatched mainly by Marie Antoinette and her lover, Count Axel von Fersen, the royal family tried to escape France in June 1791, however they were caught and returned to Paris. In September of this year, King Louis XVI agreed to carry on a brand new constitution drafted by the Constituent National Assembly in return for keeping at least his representational power. Yet, in the summer of 1792, with France at war with Austria and Prussia, the increasingly strong extreme Jacobin leader Maximilien de Robespierre called for removing the king. In September 1792, following a month of horrible massacres in Paris, the National Convention abolished the monarchy, declared the establishment of a French Republic, and detained the king and queen.
In January 1793, the revolutionary new republic set King Louis XVI on trial, convicted him of treason and condemned him to death. On January 21, 1793, he was pulled to the guillotine and executed. On the night before her execution, she’d written her last letter to her sister in law, Elisabeth. “I ‘m calm,” the queen wrote, “as folks are whose conscience is clear.” Subsequently, in the minutes before her execution, when the priest who had been present told her to have guts, Marie Antoinette reacted, “Guts? The instant when my ills will finish isn’t the instant when bravery will fail me.”
Marie Antoinette the villain is perhaps best captured by the well-known, although almost certainly apocryphal, story that, upon hearing the people had no bread to eat, she noted, “Let them eat cake.” Marie Antoinette the heroine is represented in the fanatical scholarship on her selections in wardrobe and jewelry, as well as the never-ending speculation about her extramarital love life. These two takes on Marie Antoinette’s character show the inclination, as common now as it had been in her very own time, to depict her life and death as emblematic of the downfall of European monarchies in the surface of worldwide revolution. As Thomas Jefferson once said, calling the manner Marie Antoinette would be looked at by posterity, “I ‘ve ever considered that if there had been no Queen, there would have been no revolution.”