Margaret Thatcher – Her address against communism earned her the name “The Iron Lady.” Leading Britain through a war and out of a downturn, she made an enormous mark on politics.
During her three periods, she cut social welfare plans, reduced trade union power and privatized specific sectors. Thatcher stepped down in 1991 due to unpopular policy and power battles in her party.
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The daughter of a nearby businessman, she was taught in a nearby grammar school, Grantham Girls’ High School. Her family ran a grocery store and they all lived in a apartment over the shop. In her early years, Thatcher was introduced to conservative politics by her dad, who had been an associate of the town’s council.
An excellent pupil, Thatcher was taken to Oxford University, where she studied chemistry at Somerville College. Among her teachers was the Dorothy Hodgkin, a Nobel Prize-winning scientist. Politically active in her youth, Thatcher served as president of the Conservative Association in the university. She earned a degree in chemistry in 1947, and went to act as a research chemist in Colchester. Afterwards, she was employed as a research chemist in Dartford.
A couple of years after graduating from school, Thatcher made her first bid for public office. She ran as the conservative nominee to get a Dartford parliamentary seat in the 1950 elections. Thatcher understood from the beginning that it will be extremely difficult to win the place far from the liberal Labour Party. Still she earned the esteem of her political party peers along with her addresses. Foiled, Thatcher remained undaunted, trying again the following year, but once more her attempts were unsuccessful.
In 1952, Thatcher put politics aside to get a time to study law. After finishing her training, Thatcher qualified as a barrister, a kind of attorney, in 1953. But she did not stay away from the political arena for too long.
Definitely a girl rising, Thatcher was named parliamentary under secretary for pensions and national insurance in 1961. When the Labour Party assumed control of the authorities, she became an associate of what’s known as the Shadow Cabinet, several political leaders who hold Cabinet-level places if their party was in power.
She found her position frustrating, not because of the bad press around her activities, but because she had trouble getting Prime Minister Edward Heath to pay attention to her thoughts. Apparently disenchanted on the near future of women in politics, Thatcher was quoted as saying, “I do not believe there will be a girl prime minister in my life,” during a 1973 television appearance.
Thatcher shortly proved herself wrong. With this particular success, Thatcher became the very first woman to serve as the opposition leader in the House of Commons. England was in a period of financial and political chaos, together with the authorities virtually broke, employment increasing and struggles with labor unions. This uncertainty helped return Conservatives to power in 1979. As party leader, Thatcher made history in May 1979, when she was named Britain’s first female prime minister.
As prime minister, Thatcher fought the nation’s downturn by initially increasing interest rates to restrain inflation. She was best known for her destruction of Britain’s traditional businesses through her assaults on labor organizations including the miner’s union, as well as for the enormous privatization of social housing and public transport. Among her staunchest friends was U.S. President Ronald Reagan, a fellow conservative. Both shared similar right wing, pro-corporate political doctrines.
Thatcher faced a military challenge during her first period. This British territory had long been a source of conflict involving both countries, as the islands are off the coast of Argentina. Argentina conceded in June 1982.
In her second period, from 1983 to 1987, Thatcher handled numerous conflicts and disasters, the most jarring of which could happen to be the assassination attempt against her in 1984. In a scheme from the Irish Republic Army, she was meant to killed with a bomb planted in the Conservative Conference in Brighton in October. Undaunted and unharmed, Thatcher insisted the summit continue, and gave a speech the next day.
The exact same year, she signed an arrangement together with the Chinese government about the near future of Hong Kong.
Returning for a third term in 1987, Thatcher sought to enforce a regular educational program throughout the nation and also make developments to the nation ‘s socialized medical system. Nevertheless, she lost lots of support as a result of her attempts to execute a fixed rate local tax—tagged a poll tax by many since she sought to disenfranchise those who didn’t pay it. Extremely unpopular, this policy led to public demonstrations and caused dissention within her party.
Thatcher initially pressed on for party leadership in 1990, but finally submitted to pressure from party members and declared her intentions to step down on November 22, 1990. In a statement, she said, “Having consulted widely among co-workers, I’ve reasoned the unity of the Party as well as the prospects of success in a General Election would be better served if I stood down to enable Cabinet co-workers to join the ballot for the direction. I should like to thank all those in Cabinet and exterior who’ve given me such dedicated support.”
She wrote about her experiences as a world leader as well as a pioneering woman in the area of politics in two publications: The Downing Street Years (1993) and The Path to Power (1995). In 2002, she released the novel Statecraft, where she offered her perspectives on international politics.
Around now, Thatcher endured a string of small strokes. She subsequently endured a great personal loss in 2003, when her husband of more than 50 years, Denis, expired. The next year, Thatcher needed to say good-bye to an old friend and ally, Ronald Reagan.
In 2005, Thatcher celebrated her 80th birthday. An enormous occasion was held in her honour and was attended by Queen Elizabeth II, Tony Blair and almost 600 other buddies, relatives and former co-workers. A couple of years after, a sculpture of the powerful conservative leader was unveiled in the House of Commons.
Afterwards, in November 2010, Thatcher spent two weeks in the hospital to get a state that was later shown to cause debilitating muscle inflammation. In 2011, she sat out such a variety of important events, for example, wedding of Prince William in April, as well as the unveiling of the Ronald Reagan sculpture in London in July. Also, in July 2011, Thatcher’s office in the House of Lords was forever shut. The closing was seen by some to indicate the ending of her public life.
Fighting recollection difficulties in her later years as a result of her strokes, Thatcher pulled away in the limelight, living in close seclusion at her house in London’s Belgravia neighborhood.
Margaret Thatcher expired on April 8, 2013, in the age of 87. She was survived by her two kids, daughter Carol and son Sir Mark. Thatcher’s policies and activities continue being debated by detractors and supporters alike, exemplifying the indelible impression that she’s left on Britain and countries world-wide.