He assumed the presidency of Iran in 2005 and was reelected in 2009, though his second election triggered widespread demonstrations by Iranians who considered the competition tainted. Ahmadinejad’s controversial positions on human rights, atomic development and Israel alienated him from both Western and the Islamic worlds. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was born Mahmoud Saborjhian on October 28, 1956, in the hamlet of Aradan, near Garmsar, in north central Iran, 82 miles southeast of Tehran. Mahmoud was the fourth of seven children whose dad was a blacksmith. In this period, his dad, Ahmad, changed the family name from Saborjhian (which translates to “thread painter,” the lowliest occupation in Iran’s conventional carpet-weaving business), to the more spiritual Ahmadinejad (“race of Muhammad” or “virtuous race”).
It was not until he attended Iran University that Ahmadinejad became politically active. The latter organization supposedly intended the taking of hostages in the U.S. Embassy during the 1979 revolution against the Shah. It’s uncertain whether Mahmoud Ahmadinejad participated in the takeover of the embassy. A few of the former hostages have identified him as among the student leaders involved in holding 52 embassy workers for 444 days between 1979 and 1981.
There remain many unanswered questions about Ahmadinejad’s involvement in secret assassinations in the Middle East and Europe. While American intellegence representatives found no evidence to support this claim, the Austrian authorities continued investigating the charge nicely into 2006. It was also reported that Ahmadinejad intended the killing of Salman Rushdie, the controversial Anglo Indian novelist who outraged Muslim leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini with his 1989 novel The Satanic Verses. Nevertheless, evidence isn’t conclusive with this theory either.
In 1986, Ahmadinejad started his master’s program in engineering at Iran University of Science and Technology as well as in 1989 he joined the faculty. He wed another university professor, as well as the couple had two sons and a daughter together. Ahmadinejad also held several government posts in now. He was made governor of Maku and Khoy, cities in the West Azerbaijan province. In 1993, he served as an adviser for the ministry of culture and higher education. In 1993, he was likewise appointed governor general of the recently recognized northwest province of Ardebil and served there for four years. He was removed in 1997 by the recently elected moderate president Mohammad Khatami within an attempt to go the Iranian government from its more traditional components.
In 2005, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad ran for the Iranian presidency together with the total support of conservative leaders. Populist in his strategy, Ahmadinejad promised to address the poverty and social injustices in Iran, and to work to finish corruption. He campaigned on the slogan, “We can get it done,” and was the only presidential candidate to speak out against enhancing relations with all the Usa. On June 24, 2005, Ahmadinejad faced off along with his campaign opponent, Hashemi Rafsanjani, Iran’s former president from 1989 to 1997. In this second election, Ahmadinejad played the part of a simple guy who was among the individuals, and described Rafsanjani as a political hack who amassed a fantastic fortune through corruption. Ahmadinejad won the election with a landslide, picking up 17 million of the 27 million votes cast.
Whether a masterful politico or an honest agent, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad developed a powerful bond with Tehran’s intensely spiritual working class. Ahmadinejad wished to continue to stay in his own house after being elected president, until security advisors pushed him to go. He took out the high-priced furniture and carpets in the presidential palace and replaced them with less expensive furnishings. He refused the VIP seat on the presidential airplane and eventually replaced it using a cargo plane. He also talked in blue collar colloquialisms in his speeches and demonstrations.
After his presidential triumph, Ahmadinejad became an visiting international figure. His hardline position on Iran’s right to develop nuclear power heightened tensions together with the U.S. In a September 2005 address before the United Nations, Ahmadinejad professed his need to pursue Iran’s nuclear technology plan, which he maintained was for peaceful purposes. He issued a veiled threat that “if some attempt to inflict their will on the Iranian folks…we are going to reconsider our entire way of the nuclear problem.” It imposed sanctions on nuclear material and technology entering Iran, as well as put additional restrictions on imports and exports together with the exclusion of development and humanitarian assistance. The Iranian leader stayed rebellious.
Ahmadinejad also fanned the flames of confrontation together with his anti-Israeli rhetoric in public addresses. As well as challenging the realities of the Holocaust, the Iranian leader revealed his distaste toward Israel in October 2005, in the Planet Without Zionism Discussion in Tehran. He spoke of an heroic struggle between Islam as well as the “World of Ignorance,” a West directed by Israel as well as the Zionist movement. Following the discussion, he was likewise quoted as saying that Israel should be “wiped off the map.” Ahmadinejad said in a news conference on January 14, 2006, the significance of his statements was exaggerated and misinterpreted. “There’s no new policy, they created lots of color and misinterpreted. It’s clear what we say, ‘Let the Palestinians participate in free elections plus they are going to say the things that they need.'” Domestically, Ahmadinejad could play to his religiously conservative superiors while also appealing to those that elected him. During his first period, he banned Western music while in the exact same time lobbying to permit girls to attend sporting events.
He also motivated the Basij to patrol the roads seeking improper attire among women and men. Together with the support of conservative clerics, Ahmadinejad instituted stringent measures to restrain free speech and suppress resistance with systems including harassment to arrest and incarceration. By April 2007, Iranian authorities had stopped or detained more than 150,000 people on infringements of new edicts visited or supported by Ahmadinejad. Iran’s crippling inflation rate, high unemployment, as well as the issue of how its petroleum sales had been spent were at the very best of Iranian voters’ heads.
The following morning, the Islamic Republic News Agency, Iran’s official news service, declared that with two thirds of the votes counted, Ahmadinejad had won the election. Mir-Hossein Mousavi received 33 percent of the vote as well as another two competitors received less than three percent joined. Despite the fact that many pre-election polls called Ahmadinejad could function as the victor, most suggested it will be close. Quite shortly after the announced results, the European Union, Britain and many Western states expressed concern over alleged irregularities during the voting. Many election analysts expressed doubts regarding the credibility of the results. In once, many Islamic states along with Russia, China, India, and Brazil congratulated Ahmadinejad on his success.
Mir-Hossein Mousavi was the most outspoken of the adversaries to challenge the election results. He filed an official appeal to the Guardian Council, and encouraged his supporters to resist your choice calmly. On June 16, the Guardian Council declared a partial vote recount.
In the beginning, the demonstrations were really big and usually peaceful. However, the government remained steadfast in its insistence of Ahmadinejad’s success. As the authorities raised its crack down on civil disobedience, Ahmadinejad attempted to assure the Iranian media the protesters were inconsequential, comparing the dynamic protests to the exuberance of a football match.
On June 20, 2009, citizen journalism gained the oncamera slaying of Neda Agha-Soltan, a young college grad who went having a buddy to paricipate in among the demonstrations. When she stepped from her car, she was hit in the torso using one bullet which pierced her heart, killing her. The pictures of Neda’s departure went to hundreds and then tens of thousands of cell phones, and computers sent the report to numerous spectators. Her death became a sign of Iranian authorities oppression.
On August 3, 2009, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei officially backed Ahmadinejad as president. Iranian political figures, including former presidents Mohammad Khatami and Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani prevented the service. Opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi also kept his distance in the occasion. Ahmadinejad’s reign came to a conclusion after eight years in office.