|Full name||Louis XIV|
Louis XIV sourcesimdb.com/name/nm1925558
Louis XIV Biography:
Louis XIV was born on September 5, 1638, in Saint Germaine-en-Laye, France. As of 1661, he began reforming France. From 1672–1678 he participated France in the Franco-Dutch War. In 1688, he directed a war between France and also the Grand Alliance. By the 1680s, Louis XIV created public hostility. He expired in Versailles, France, on September 1, 1715. 2 Gallery 2 Pictures
Louis XIV was born on September 5, 1638, in Saint Germaine-en-Laye, France, and christened Louis Dieudonn—French for “Gift of God.” His mom was the Hapsburg Spanish queen Anne of Austria, and his dad was Louis XIII, king of France.
On May 14, 1643, when Louis XIV was only 4 plus a half years old, his dad passed away. Within the span of his youth, Louis XIV was primed as a leader, receiving a practical instruction as opposed to a scholarly one. Louis XIV’s godfather, Italian-born Leader Minister Cardinal Jules Mazarin, was responsible for tutoring the lad in history, politics as well as the arts. Louis XIV’s governor, Nicolas de Neufville, was made to keep watch on the lad, but events like youthful Louis XIV’s close drowning suggest the monarch was dominated as a kid, or even as a ruler in the making.
In a effort to overthrow the crown, they waged a civil war, known as the Fronde, against its assistants. Through the long war, Louis XIV endured many hardships, including poverty and starvation. To Louis XIV’s help, Mazarin eventually attained success on the rebels in 1653. Following the civil war finished, Mazarin started to construct an intricate management as Louis XIV stood by and found his mentor. By then, Louis XIV had come of age, however he was still scared to question Mazarin’s power.
Several years after, Louis XIV fell in love with Marie Mancini, Mazarin’s niece. Finally selecting responsibility over love, in 1660 he wed the daughter of the king of Spain, Mariethrse of Austria, rather. The union ensured ratification of the peace treaty that Mazarin had sought to create with Hapsburg Spain. Upon assuming total responsibility for the kingdom, Louis XIV immediately set about reforming France according to his own vision.
Together with assistance from his finance minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Louis XIV created reforms that cut France’s deficit and boosted industrial advancement. During his reign, Louis XIV managed to enhance France’s disorganized system of tax and restrict previously haphazard borrowing practices. He also handily held members of nobility exempt from paying taxes, making them become even more fiscally determined by the crown.
In executing administrative reforms toward a more orderly and secure French government, Louis XIV driven provincial aristocrats to relinquish their former political sway. In thus doing, he built a more central government together with the bourgeoisie, or middle class, as its base.
In addition to his changes to the authorities, Louis XIV created numerous plans and institutes to infuse more of the artwork into French culture. Louis XIV also had Colbert supervise the building of the Paris Observatory from 1667 to 1672. Louis XIV is infamous for his overbearing way of foreign policy. The War of Devolution, as the battle was named, continued a year and finished when the French surrendered and gave the land back to Spain. France’s only conquest was to reside in several towns in Flanders.
Dissatisfied using the results, Louis XIV participated his state in the Franco-Dutch War from 1672 to 1678, during which France managed to get more property in Flanders as well as the Franche Compt. The success encouraged France to the standing of a dominant power. This standing, coupled with Louis XIV’s efforts to continuously enlarge territorial claims throughout using military force, placed France as a danger to other European nations.
Close to the conclusion of the 1680s, those countries, including Spain, England as well as the Holy Roman Empire, reacted by banding together to form the Grand Alliance. By the 1680s, Louis XIV had started to build public hostility, expected, in part, to his attempts to create spiritual uniformity throughout France. The revocation as well as the newest edict served to alienate Protestants, prompting many to leave France and seek spiritual liberty elsewhere.
Following the war from the Grand Alliance, France still held nearly all of its own first land, but the nation’s resources were substantially emptied. The War of the Spanish Succession, from 1701 to 1714, farther hastened Louis XIV’s fall as a leader. In this struggle, Louis XIV seemed to many of his themes to put his private interests above his nation’s, as his aim was to defend the right of his grandson, Philip V, to inherit the Spanish Empire. The long war was so expensive for France that it prompted famine and put the nation deep in debt. The people went from hailing Louis XIV as a hero to blaming him for France’s fiscal devastation.
On September 1, 1715, a day or two before what could have been his 77th birthday, Louis XIV died of gangrene in Versailles, France. Following Louis XIV’s death, his 5-year old great grandson, Louis XV, who had been the last male heir of the Duc de Bourgogne, inherited the throne.