John Wayne –
He received his first leading movie role in The Big Trail (1930). Wayne won his first Academy Award in 1969. He died of cancer in 1979.
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Among the most famous film actors of the 20th century, John Wayne stays a popular American icon to today. He was already a substantial existence when he was born, weighing approximately 13 pounds.
The earliest of two kids born to Clyde and Mary “Molly” Morrison, Wayne moved to Lancester, California, round the age of seven. The family moved again several years afterwards after Clyde failed in his effort to be a farmer.
Settling in Glendale, California, Wayne received his distinguishing nickname “Duke” while residing there. In high school, Wayne shone in his courses as well as in a variety of tasks, including student government and football. He also participated in numerous student theatrical productions.
Winning a football scholarship to University of Southern California (USC), Wayne began school in the autumn of 1925. He joined the Sigma Chi fraternity and continued to be a solid pupil. Sadly, after a couple of years, an injury took him off the football field and stopped his scholarship.
Out of school, Wayne worked as an additional as well as a prop man in the film industry. He first met director John Ford while employed as an extra on Mother Machree (1928). With The Big Trail (1930), Wayne received his first leading part, thanks to director Raoul Walsh. Walsh is frequently credited with helping him create his now infamous screen name, John Wayne. Sadly, the western was a box office dud.
For almost a decade, Wayne toiled in numerous B movies-mainly westerns-for distinct studios. He even played a singing cowboy named Sandy Saunders among his many characters. In this period of time, yet, Wayne began developing his man of action part, which will function as the base of several popular characters later on.
Wayne impersonated the Ringo Kid, an at large outlaw, who joins an uncommon variety of characters on a dangerous journey through frontier properties. Throughout the excursion, the Kid falls to get a dance hall hooker named Dallas (Claire Trevor). Finally, it took home the awards for Music as well as for Actor in a Supporting Role for Thomas Mitchell.
Reunited with Ford and Mitchell, Wayne stepped away from his typical Western parts becoming a Swedish seaman in The Long Voyage Home (1940). The movie was adapted from a play by Eugene O’Neill and follows the crew of a steamer ship as they transfer a cargo of explosives. Along with many favorable reviews, the film earned several Academy Award nominations.
Around now, Wayne made the first of several films with German celebrity and famous sex symbol Marlene Dietrich. Away-screen, they became romantically involved, though Wayne was married at that time. There had been rumors about Wayne having other relationships, but nothing as large as his link to Dietrich. Even after their physical relationship stopped, the pair stayed good friends as well as co starred in two more movies, Pittsburgh (1942) and The Spoilers (1942).
Wayne began working behind the scenes as a producer in the late 1940s. The very first movie he made was Angel and the Badman (1947). On time, he managed several distinct production businesses, including John Wayne Productions, Wayne-Fellows Productions and Batjac Productions.
Wayne’s profession as an actor took another leap ahead when he worked with director Howard Hawks in Red River (1948). The western play supplied Wayne with a chance to exhibit his abilities as an actor, not merely an action hero. Playing the conflicted cattleman Tom Dunson, he took on a darker kind of character. He deftly managed his character’s slow fall and challenging relationship with his adopted son played by Montgomery Clift. Also around now, Wayne also received praise because of his work in John Ford’s Fort Apache (1948) with Henry Fonda and Shirley Temple.
Wayne worked with O’Hara on several movies, maybe most notably The Quiet Man (1952). Playing an American fighter having a poor reputation, his character moved to Ireland where he fell in love using a local girl (Maureen O’Hara). This movie is considered Wayne’s most persuasive leading intimate character by many critics.
A well known conservative and anticommunist, Wayne combined his private beliefs and his professional life in 1952’s Big Jim McLain. Away display, Wayne played a leading part in the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals as well as served as its president for a period. The organization was a band of conservatives who wished to quit communists from working in the film industry, as well as other members comprised Gary Cooper and Ronald Reagan.
In 1956, Wayne starred in a different Ford western, The Searchers, and again showed some sensational range as the morally questionable Civil War veteran Ethan Edwards. He shortly after reteamed with Howard Hawks for Rio Bravo (1959). Playing an area sheriff, Wayne’s character must face off against a strong rancher and his henchmen who would like to free his jailed brother. The uncommon cast comprised Dean Martin and Angie Dickinson.
Wayne made his directorial debut with The Alamo (1960). Starring in the film as Davy Crockett, he got decidedly mixed reviews for both his on- and off-screen efforts. Continuing to work steadily, Wayne refused to even allow sickness slow him down. He successfully fought lung cancer in 1964. To overcome the disorder, Wayne had to have a lung and several ribs removed.
In the later section of the 1960s, Wayne had some great successes and failures. He costarred with Robert Mitchum in El Dorado (1967), that has been well received. Another year, Wayne again combined the professional as well as the political using the pro-Vietnam War movie The Green Berets (1968). He directed and produced together with starred in the movie, that has been derided by critics for being heavy handed and clichd. Seen by many as a bit of propaganda, the movie still did well in the box office.
Around now, Wayne continued to espouse his conservative political viewpoints. He support buddy Ronald Reagan in his 1966 play for governor of California at the same time as his 1970 reelection attempt. In 1976, Wayne recorded radio advertisements for Reagan’s first effort to get to be the Republican presidential nominee.
Wayne won his first Academy Award for The Best Actor for True Grit (1969). A youthful Glen Campbell joined the pair on their assignment. Rounding out the cast, Robert Duvall and Dennis Hopper were among the bad guys the threesome had to overcome. A later sequel with Katherine Hepburn, Rooster Cogburn (1975), neglected to bring critical acclaim or much of an audience.
His character, John Bernard Books, expected to spend his final days calmly, but got involved one last gunfight. In 1978, life imitated art with Wayne being identified as having stomach cancer.
Wayne expired on June 11, 1979, in La, California. He was survived by his seven kids from two of his three unions. With his third wife, Pilar Palette, he had three more kids, Ethan, Aissa, and Marisa. Ethan has worked as an actor through the years.
Just before his departure, the U.S. Congress approved a congressional gold medal for Wayne. It had been given to his family in 1980.
In honor of his non-profit work in the struggle against cancer, Wayne’s kids created the John Wayne Cancer Foundation in 1985. The business provides support to numerous cancer-associated applications also to the John Wayne Cancer Institute at Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California.