Produced on February 27, 1902, in Salinas, California, John Steinbeck dropped from school and worked as a manual laborer before realizing success as a writer. His 1939 novel, The Grapes of Wrath, concerning the migration of a family in the Oklahoma Dust Bowl to California, won a Pulitzer Prize as well as a National Book Award. Steinbeck served as a war correspondent during the Second World War, and was given the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962. He died in Nyc in 1968.
His novels, including his landmark work The Grapes of Wrath (1939), frequently dealt with social and economical problems. Steinbeck was raised with small means. His dad, John Ernst Steinbeck, tried his hand at a number of different occupations to maintain his family fed: He possessed a feed-and-grain shop, handled a flour plant and served as treasurer of Monterey County. His mom, Olive Hamilton Steinbeck, was a former schoolteacher.
For the large part, Steinbeck who grew up with three sisters had a joyful youth. He was self-conscious, but bright, and formed an early respect for the property, and in particular California’s Salinas Valley, which will significantly advise his later writing. Based on reports, Steinbeck determined to become a writer in the age of 14, frequently locking himself in his bedroom to compose poems and stories. During the following six years, Steinbeck wandered in and out of school, eventually dropping out for good in 1925, with no degree.
Following Stanford, Steinbeck attempted to make a go of it as a freelance writer. Within the next decade, with Carol’s support and pay check, he continued to pour himself into his writing. It was not until Tortilla Flat (1935), a comic novel about paisano life in the Monterey area, was released that the writer attained real success. Steinbeck hit a much more serious tone with In Dubious Battle (1936), Of Mice and Men (1937) and The Long Valley (1938), an assortment of short stories.
Broadly considered Steinbeck’s finest & most challenging novel, The Grapes of Wrath was published in 1939. Telling the story of a dispossessed Oklahoma family as well as their struggle to carve out a fresh life in California in the peak of the Great Depression, the novel captured the mood and angst of the country in this period of time. In the peak of its own popularity, The Grapes of Wrath sold 10,000 copies per week. The work eventually earned Steinbeck a Pulitzer Prize in 1940.
Following that great success, John Steinbeck served as a war correspondent for the New York Herald Tribune during the Second World War. Around this same time, he traveled to Mexico to gather marine life with pal Edward F. Ricketts, a marine biologist. Their cooperation resulted in the publication Sea of Cortez (1941), which describes marine life in the Gulf of California. Steinbeck died of heart problems on December 20, 1968, at his house in Nyc.