John Quincy Adams – Miniature Biography (TVPG; 3:31) John Quincy Adams was the oldest son of President John Adams and the sixth president of the United States. Before his presidency, Adams was one of America’s best diplomat; after, he fought from the growth of slavery.
Produced in Massachusetts on July 11, 1767, John Quincy Adams was the oldest son of President John Adams and the sixth president of America. Though full of promise, his presidential years were tough. He died in 1848 in Washington, D.C. Though he was one of few Americans to be thus ready to serve as president of America, John Quincy Adams’s greatest years of service came before and after his time in the White House.
As a kid, John Quincy Adams seen first hand the arrival of the country. In the family farm, he along with his mom observed the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775. At age 10, he traveled to France along with his dad, who had been procuring support through the Revolution. By age 14, John Quincy was receiving “on the job” training in the diplomatic corps and going to school. In 1781, he followed diplomat Francis Dana to Russia, serving as his secretary and translator. In 1783, he traveled to Paris to serve as secretary to his dad, negotiating the Treaty of Paris. In now, John Quincy attended schools in Europe and became fluent in French, Dutch and German. In 1790, John Quincy became a practicing lawyer in Boston. President Washington valued youthful Adams’s support so much that he made him U.S. minister to Holland. When John Adams was elected president in 1797, he named his son U.S. minister to Prussia.
After John Adams lost his bid for another period in 1800, he remembered his son from Prussia. In 1802, John Quincy was elected to the Massachusetts legislature, plus one year afterwards, he was elected the U.S. Senate. Like his dad, John Quincy was considered an associate of the Federalist Party, but in truth, he was never a strict party man. During his time in the Senate, he supported the Louisiana Purchase and President Thomas Jefferson’s Embargo Act activities that made him quite unpopular with other Federalists. In June 1808, Adams broke against the Federalists, stepped down from his Senate seat and became a Democratic-Republican. The next year, Adams served as minister to England, a place his father had held 30 years before.
In a place he was most satisfied for, John Quincy Adams served as secretary of state in President James Monroe’s government from 1817 to 1825. In this period, he negotiated the Adams-Onis Treaty, getting Florida for America. He also helped negotiate the Treaty of 1818, settling the longstanding border dispute between Britain as well as America over the Oregon state, and beginning improved relationships between Great Britain and its former colonies. By age 50, John Quincy Adams had amassed an extremely remarkable record of public service, but possibly his most remarkable and enduring accomplishment was the Monroe Doctrine. Following the Napoleonic wars had finished, several Latin American colonies of Spain rose up and declared autonomy.
By 1824, John Quincy Adams was well-placed to be another president of America. But, the political climate had altered the manner presidents were elected in the time; just the Democratic-Republican Party was feasible and five nominees appeared, each representing distinct sections of the united states. Clay threw his support to Adams, who had been elected on the initial vote. Adams’s success shocked Jackson, who’d won the popular vote and completely anticipated to be president. When Adams afterwards named Clay secretary of state, Jackson Democrats shouted “corrupt bargain,” and were enraged at the apparently quid pro quo arrangement.
John Quincy Adams entered the presidency with several debilitating political responsibilities, including John Quincy Adams himself. He possessed the character of his dad: Aloof, tenacious and ferociously independent in his convictions. As president, John Quincy neglected to acquire the political relationships wanted even among members of his own party to effect major change. It did not help that his political adversaries were set on making him a one-term president.
In his first year in office, Adams proposed several farsighted plans he felt would boost science, in addition to support a spirit of enterprise and innovation in the United States; these targets included assembling a system of highways and canals to link the various sections of the united states, setting aside public lands for conservation, surveying the whole U.S. shore and constructing astronomic observatories. Adams also saw the requirement for practical answers to worldwide issues, thusly calling for the establishment of a uniform system of weights and measures and enhancing the patent system.
While these may have been commendable aims for an aspiring country, they were considered overambitious and unrealistic for America in the 1820s. In the midterm election of 1826, Jacksonian challengers won majorities in both Houses of Congress. Because of this, a lot of Adams’s initiatives either did not pass laws or were woefully underfunded.
The election of 1828 was an especially nasty and private matter. As was the tradition, neither nominee personally campaigned, but assistants ran callous assaults on the opposing nominees. The effort reached a low point when the press accused Jackson’s wife, Rachel, of bigamy. Adams lost the election with a decisive margin, and he left Washington without attending Jackson’s inauguration.
John Quincy Adams didn’t retire from public life after leaving the presidential office. In 1836, Adams concentrated his longstanding anti-slavery opinion on getting the better of a gag rule instituted by Southerners to stifle discussion. Throughout the big event, Adams abruptly fell, suffering from a massive cerebral hemorrhage. He was taken to the Speaker’s Room in the Capitol Building, where he died two days afterwards, on February 23, 1848.