He climbed through the ranks and was elected party leader after Margaret Thatcher’s resignation in 1990, thereby becoming prime minister. The youngest of three, Major moved along with his family from a house in Worcester Park to two rooms in Brixton after his dad lost his savings as a result of company transactions.
Major left school at 16 to pursue work and switched between clerk and building occupations and joblessness. By his late teens, Major located a place with Standard Chartered Bank and worked his way upward.
Major lived in Nigeria to get a stint in the 1960’s and, back in England, would finally become chairman of the Lambeth Housing Committee. In 1979, nevertheless, he was elected to the House of Commons within the Conservative Party. He climbed through the ranks immediately and became a preferred member, capturing the interest of party leader and British prime minister Margaret Thatcher.
Then in the summer of 1989, Thatcher made Major to be international secretary, though just several months after making him chancellor of the exchequer, whereby he became the nation’s chief fiscal minister.
Upon Thatcher’s resignation in 1990, Major was elected on November 28 to head his party and so became England’s prime minister. Known for his calm, affable manner and sometimes tagged the “grey man” of British politics, Major still needed to compete together with the state being in the throes of an economic downturn, together with the people not taking to succeeding tax increases. Major additionally worked together with the matter of preparing British entry to the European Union with there being inner party opposition, including that of Thatcher.
Major stepped down as Conservative Party leader in 1995 and called for parliament to hold a particular vote for direction, yet could win reelection in July. By May 1997, but, the Conservative Party lost to another prime minister Tony Blair and his Labour Party.
Major continued to serve in in Parliament, retiring in 2001 and becoming knighted several years after. He’s released 1999’s John Major: The Autobiography as well as the 2012 memoir My Old Man: A Private History of Music Hall, which looks at his family history and its own link to amusement culture.