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John Cabot Biography




By 1495, he’d moved to Bristol, England, along with his family. He made a voyage in 1497 to the boat Matthew and claimed land in Canada—mistaking it for Asia—for King Henry VII of England. Cabot was the son of a spice retailer, Giulio Caboto, in Genoa. In 1474, John Cabot wed a girl named Mattea and finally became the father of three sons: Ludovico, Sancto and Sebastiano. Sebastiano would later follow in his dad’s footsteps, becoming an explorer in his own right.

In 1476, Cabot formally became a Venetian citizen and started running commerce in the eastern Mediterranean. Records suggest he got into financial trouble and left Venice as a debtor in November 1488. In now, Cabot became inspired by the discoveries of Bartolomeu Dias and Christopher Columbus. Like Columbus, Cabot considered that sailing west from Europe was the shorter route to Asia.

Cabot and his crew sailed west and north under Cabot’s belief the path to Asia would be shorter from northern Europe than Columbus’s voyage across the trade winds. On June 24, 1497, 50 days to the voyage, Cabot landed on the east shore of North America, although exact place of the touchdown is subject to controversy. Some historians think that Cabot landed at Cape Breton Island or mainland Nova Scotia. Others consider he could have landed at Newfoundland, Labrador or even Maine.

Though the Matthew’s logs are incomplete, it’s thought that John Cabot went ashore having a little party and claimed the property for the King of England. Cabot was soon rewarded using a pension of 20 as well as the gratitude of King Henry VII. In February 1498, he was given permission to create a fresh voyage to North America.

In May 1498, John Cabot departed from Bristol with five boats along with a crew of 300 guys. The boats taken considerable supplies and little samples of fabric, lace points and other “trifles,” indicating an anticipation of cultivating commerce with native folks. En route, one boat became disabled and sailed to Ireland, while another four boats continued on. From this stage, there’s just conjecture regarding the destiny of the voyage and John Cabot. For a long time, it had been considered the boats were lost at sea. More recently, however, records have appeared that area Cabot in England in 1500, putting guess he along with his crew really survived the voyage. Historians have also found evidence to imply that Cabot’s expedition explored the eastern Canadian shore, and a priest following the expedition may have created a Christian settlement in Newfoundland. What could be said with some conviction is the fact that John Cabot asserted North America for England, establishing the path for England’s rise to power in the 16th and 17th centuries.

John Cabot Biography

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