|Full name||Jo-Ann Robinson|
Jo-Ann Robinson sourcesimdb.com/name/nm0732744
Jo-Ann Robinson Biography:
After earning a master’s degree, she moved to Montgomery, Alabama, to instruct at Alabama State College. She directed an effective city bus boycott that got national interest as well as the support of Martin Luther King Jr. Following her dad’s passing, 6-year old Jo Ann and her family relocated to Macon.
Following her graduation from Fort Valley State, Jo Ann Robinson became a public school teacher in Macon, Georgia, a place that she’d hold for another five years. Additionally in this time around, she earned a master’s degree from Atlanta University and went on to study English at The Big Apple ‘s Columbia University. Following annually, she moved to Crocket, Texas, to instruct at Mary Allen College.
Robinson experienced the biases underlying racial segregation directly in the late 1940s when she was yelled at for sitting in the empty white section of a city bus; the motorist pulled over to shout at her and Robinson fled the bus, worrying that he’d hit her. Disgusted by the incident, she started to marshal from the segregated city bus system.
When Robinson became president of the WPC in 1950, she concentrated the organization’s attempts on desegregating buses. Dealing with lawyer Fred Gray as her advisor, she met with then mayor of Montgomery William A. Gayle. The town ‘s leaders wasn’t enthusiastic about incorporating buses, yet, so Robinson conceptualized a boycott. Together with assistance from John Cannon, chairman of Alabama State’s business department at that time, and two pupils, Robinson given out more than 50,000 flyers immediately calling for the boycott.
When the boycott proved successful, the Montgomery Improvement Association, headed by Martin Luther King Jr., came to manage its continuance. Susbequently, Robinson was named to the MIA’s executive board and created the organization’s weekly newsletter at King’s individual request.
For her part as a leader of the boycott, Robinson was detained and targeted with violence; police officers threw a stone into her window and poured acid on her automobile. The harassment became so poor that state police were requested to safeguard her house. The boycott continued until June 5, 1956, when a federal district court held segregating seats unconstitutional. The boycott also created Dr. King as a figure of national visibility and ushered in an age of nonviolent civil rights demonstrations.
Not long subsequent to the boycott stopped, Robinson stepped down from her place at Alabama State College and moved on to Grambling College in Louisiana, and afterwards to public schools in La, California. Robinson released a memoir entitled The Montgomery Bus Boycott as well as the Girl Who Began It in 1987. She died in La on August 29, 1992.