Medicine, societal reform and geology also absorbed his attention, and he composed numerous publications in all the regions. Parkinson’s work on shaking palsy was famous, but as the writer his name fell into obscurity until 40 years after, when his name was attached to the disorder.
One of three kids, James was determined early on to continue a career in medicine. His dad was the local surgeon and apothecary, and James’ early instruction included Latin, Greek, natural philosophy and shorthand—all areas considered vital to a physician’s basic training.
Few details are known of his medical training, but historians have found hints in Parkinson’s writings. It’s considered Parkinson was likewise impacted by John Hunter, a researcher with interests in biology, pathology and medical science. Parkinson makes reference in his notes of Hunter’s descriptions of tremor and paralysis.
In 1781, Parkinson wed Mary Dale. The couple would eventually have six kids. After functioning as an apprentice in his father’s training, Parkinson took over after his dad died in 1794. Over the following ten years, as well as his medical work, Parkinson would expand his interests into chemistry, geology, politics and paleontology.
Parkinson was an competitive social reformer and an outspoken critic of British Prime Minister William Pitt.
Between 1799 and 1807, Parkinson printed numerous simple medical posts for the professional crowd, including a 1795 treatise on gout noting that daily doses of pop provided great relief from your pain and swelling. In 1812, he composed a report on how a perforated appendix could cause peritonitis and departure.
Certainly, Parkinson’s best known and most significant work was “Essay on the Shaking Palsy,” printed in 1817. Describing what would later become known as Parkinson’s disease, he noticed symptoms of drawn-out trembling in various areas of the body, most notably the hands and arms. Others had written previously on the issue of shaking palsy, for instance, early Greek doctor Galen, but Parkinson’s descriptions were so complete that he affected other pathologists to examine shaking palsy. Four decades after, French doctor Jean-Martin Charcot attached Parkinson’s name to the syndrome.
A Renaissance man in the time of Enlightenment, Parkinson’s interests slowly turned from medicine to geology. This avocation enabled him to make brief excursions with family and friends to gather and find fossils of plants as well as creatures. Fifty years before Charles Darwin, Parkinson participated in the argument over science and faith’s explanation of development. Though he admitted that development of life had taken a number of years, he considered it’d continued along in a orderly manner directed by the hand of God. To accommodate the idea of geological time with theology, he embraced the view that each day of development signified an extended time period. Parkinson expired on December 21, 1824, at age 69, following a serious stroke.