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James Cook Biography

Full nameJames Cook
Know asJames Cook, Captain James Cook, Cook, James
Birth placeNew York City, New York, USA
Birth date0001-11-07
Lived1777 years, 3 month, 7 days
Star signPisces
WorkJames Cook biography
OccupationExplorer, navigator, cartographer
SpouseElizabeth Batts
ChildrenJames Cook, Nathaniel Cook, Elizabeth Cook, Joseph Cook, George Cook, Hugh Cook
ParentsJames Cook, Grace Pace

James Cook sources


James Cook Biography:

Produced on October 27, 1728, in Marton in Cleveland, Yorkshire, England, James Cook was a naval captain, navigator and explorer who, in 1770, found and charted New Zealand as well as the Great Barrier Reef of Australia on his boat Effort. He afterwards disproved the presence of Terra Australis, a fabled southern continent. Cook’s voyages helped guide generations of explorers, and supplied the first accurate map of the Pacific.

James Cook was born in Marton in Cleveland, Yorkshire, England, on October 27, 1728, the son of a Scottish farmhand. As a teen, Cook did farming work alongside his dad until, in the age of 18, he was offered an apprenticeship with a Quaker shipowner in a tiny seaside hamlet near Whitby, England. The encounter proved to be fortuitous for the future naval officer and explorer, bringing him in contact with the ocean and boats across the port.

Cook finally joined the British Navy and, at age 29, was promoted to boat’s master. Throughout the Seven Years War (1756-63), he controlled a seized ship for the Royal Navy. In 1768, he took command of the very first scientific expedition to the Pacific. After his return to England, Cook was selected to circumnavigate and explore Antarctica. (Cook named the Hawaiian Islands the Sandwich Islands after the Earl of Sandwich, also called John Montagu.)

In his later years, James Cook fought scurvy (a fatal disease due to vitamin deficiency) by feeding his crew a diet that contained watercress, sauerkraut and orange infusion. Now, Cook’s voyages are credited with helping to direct generations of explorers, along with with providing the first accurate map of the Pacific, and lots of them consider that he did more to fill the map of the world than another explorer ever.

James Cook Biography

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