Produced on June 11, 1910, in Saint Andr de Cubzac, France, Jacques Cousteau co-devised the Aqualung, a breathing device for scuba diving, in 1943. In 1945, he began the French Navy’s undersea research group. In 1951, he started going on annual excursions to learn more about the ocean on the Calypso. Cousteau recorded his excursions on the TV series The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau. In 1996, the Calypso sunk. Cousteau expired on June 25, 1997, in Paris, France. Jacques-Yves Cousteau was born in the hamlet of Saint Andr de Cubzac, in southwestern France, on June 11, 1910. As he entered adolescence, he revealed a powerful interest for mechanical things and upon buying a movie camera, he took it apart to understand the way that it worked.
Jacques Cousteau’s curio however, he failed to do well in school. After graduation, as a gunnery officer, he joined the French Navy’s advice service. In 1933, Jacques Cousteau was in an important automobile accident that almost took his life. A buddy, Philippe Tailliez, gave Cousteau a pair of swimming goggles, which opened him to the mysteries of the ocean and started his quest to know the submerged world. In 1937, Cousteau wed Simone Melchior.
They had two sons, Jean Michel and Phillipe. Both sons, in time, would join their dad in submerged world expeditions. Simone expired in 1990 and one year afterwards, the senior Cousteau wed Francine Triplet, with whom he had a daughter and son (produced while Cousteau was married to Simone). For the initial couple of years of the war, he gently continued his submerged experiments and quests. Around tthis time, compressed air tanks were devised and Cousteau and Gagnan experimented with snorkel hoses, body suits and breathing apparatus.
In time, they developed the first aqualung apparatus enabling divers to remain underwater for extended spans of time. Cousteau was also instrumental in the evolution of a watertight camera which could withstand the high pressure of deep water. In now, Cousteau made two documentaries on underwater quest, Level dix-huit mtres de caring (“18 Meters Deep”) and paves (“Shipwrecks”). Cousteau was acknowledged for his opposition efforts and given several medals, including the Legion of Honor from France. Following the war, Cousteau worked together with the French navy to clear submerged mines. Between assignments, he continued his underwater quests performing various evaluations and filming the underwater trips.
In 1948, Cousteau, together with Philippe Tailliez and specialist divers and academic scientists, undertook an underwater expedition in the Mediterranean Sea to seek out the Roman shipwreck Mahdia. This is the very first underwater archaeology operation using self contained diving equipment and indicated the start of underwater archeology. In 1950, Jacques Cousteau rent a onetime British minesweeper and converted it into an oceanographic research vessel he named Calypso.
After fighting for funding to run his voyages, Cousteau shortly realized he needed to bring media interest to create folks conscious of what he was doing and why it was so significant. In 1953, he released the novel The Silent World, which was afterwards made into an award winning movie. This success enabled him to fund another expedition to the Red Sea and Indian Ocean sponsored by the French government as well as the National Geographic Society. Throughout the remaining decade, Cousteau ran several expeditions and brought more focus to puzzles and fascinations the submerged world.
In 1966, Jacques Cousteau found his first hour long television special, “The World of Jacques-Yves Cousteau” to the ABC television network. Countless individuals followed Cousteau and his team traversing the world presenting close exposs of marine life and habitat. It was during this time that Cousteau started to understand how human activity was ruining the oceans. With his increased star as well as the support of many, Cousteau founded the Cousteau Society in 1973, in a endeavor to raise consciousness of the ecosystems of the submerged world. The organization quickly grew and soon boasted 300,000 members world-wide.
In the 1980s, Cousteau continued to make television specials, but these had a more environmental message as well as a plea for stronger protection of oceanic wildlife habitat. In June 1979, disaster struck when Cousteau’s son, Philippe Cousteau, was killed in a plane crash. Based on a 1979 article by The Associated Press, Philippe was flying the airplane in a test flight, and when he tried to land, the plane clipped a sandbank and crashed into Portugal’s Tagus River. Jacques Cousteau attempted to raise money to construct a brand new boat, but died unexpectedly in Paris on June 25, 1997, in the age of 87. His estate along with the foundation dropped into dispute among his survivors. All the legal disputes were settled by 2000, when his son, Jean Michel, disassociated himself in the Cousteau Society and formed his own organization the Oceans Futures Society.