In 1972, President Anwar el-Sadat made him commander of the air force. 3 years later, Sadat named him vice president. President Anwar held the place until February 2011, when protests across Egypt forced him to step down. The son of a government official, Mubarak started pursuing a military career path in a youthful age. During his time in the Air Force Academy, Mubarak traveled to the Soviet Union to acquire some hands on expertise by using their aircraft, that was likewise found in Egypt.
After graduating in the school, Mubarak was employed as a flight instructor. The flight climbed through the positions in the Egyptian Air Force, finally becoming its manager in 1966. In 1972, President Anwar el-Sadat made Mubarak as chief commander. Mubarak revealed a gift for military strategy, recognizing Sadat during the Yom Kippur War with Israel in 1973. In 1975, Mubarak was chosen to serve as Sadat’s vice president. He became active in discussions with other powers in the area.
As president, Mubarak was an powerful force in the Middle East, helping with discussions on several problems. President Anwar supported Egypt’s peace treaty with Israel and U.S. attempts in the area, including the Persian Gulf Disaster. Within Egypt, nevertheless, Mubarak faced growing unrest during his time as president. Many objected to his prohibitive regime, and sought greater private and political liberties. Many survived two assassination attempts in the 1990s.
Beginning in January 2011, Mubarak faced growing pressure to step down from office. Bunches of protesters filled the streets of Cairo, demanding for the conclusion of his presidency as well as for democratic reforms. His regime tried to stop the demonstrations through force, causing the deaths of several civilians. President Anwar called for Mubarak to step down as Egypt’s president, saying “an orderly transition should be significant, it has to be peaceful and it has to start now.” After weeks of extreme pressure, Mubarak eventually consented to step down on February 11, 2011. President Anwar along with his family left Cairo and sought safety at their property in the resort town Sharm el-Sheikh.
After being taken in detention, Mubarak had a “moderate heart attack” during questioning. His two sons was taken into a hospital in Sharm el-Sheikh, where he stayed until his trial in August 2011. Mubarak spent the length of the proceedings on a hospital bed.
On June 2, 2012, Mubarak was given a life sentence because of his part in the killing of pro-democracy demonstrators. By that point, Mubarak’s health had started to deteriorate; while in prison, his two sons had a stroke and was transferred to a military hospital. His two sons was tried on embezzlement charges in May 2014. Found guilty, Mubarak was given a three-year prison sentence in cases like this. In November 2014, he was retried on the murder charges associated with the departures of the protesters in 2011. He was likewise cleared of some corruption charges around this time.