Grover Cleveland, born March 18, 1837, was a tough adversary of political corruption who fiercely guarded the ethics of the offices in which he served. He lost a second period as incumbent but won back the presidency four years after. He earned the nickname “guard president” for his record breaking use of veto power and reinforced the executive branch, ushering in the current presidential age.
The family moved many times around central New York State because of his dad’s places, but the reverend expired when Grover was just 16, as well as the teenager needed to forgo completing his schooling to attend work to support the family. Cleveland worked with his older brother in the New York Institute for Special Education, which will become an abiding issue, after which as a clerk and part time law student while in Buffalo.
Grover Cleveland he lost his first name as an adult, possibly because he’d been called “Big Steve” by pals, due to his girth, at over 250 pounds essentially went with the stream of his career rather than hold any particular dreams. He did evade military service in the Civil War by paying a replacement $300, which wasn’t an unusual practice at that time. Passing the bar exam resulted in a post as district attorney for Erie County, afterward sheriff, mayor of Buffalo and governor of New York from 1882 to 1884, when he became understood “Uncle Jumbo.”
In his first term as president, 188589, Cleveland was uneasy in the White House, particularly as a bachelor. He wed his ward, the daughter of his dead Buffalo law partner, making Frances Folsom America’s youngest first lady at 21. Kids started arriving between his two periods, and three were born in the White house. The Clevelands had five kids in all. In his first period Cleveland also presided over the dedication of the Statue of Liberty, and saw Geronimo surrender, thereby stopping the Apache wars. Cleveland wrote: “I ‘m embarrassed of the entire event.” This animated use of the Monroe Doctrine, which had languished.
He was also against subsidies and special interests, which will be how his record breaking use of the veto came about. Cleveland considered that adversity constructed character. Being less a presser of his own program than the usual monitor of Congress earned him yet another nickname: “guard president.” He exercised his veto power 584 times—more than double the amount cast by all past presidents, and the maximum amount of any president except FDR, who had three periods. Overall, Cleveland’s second term, 189397, was more filled, and found him coping with all the Pullman strike as well as other outcroppings of the very most serious depression the nation had seen thus far.
Cleveland died of a heart attack on June 24, 1908, in the age of 71, in your family’s house in Princeton, New Jersey. The kids were all away in your family country house in New Hampshire, but his wife Frances was at his bedside. Cleveland had been ill because the last fall, suffering from a weak heart as well as other ailments.
He was a hard worker, and idealistic, once saying, “I ‘ve tried so difficult to do right.” Cleveland had an exceptional memory, presenting his legal arguments extemporaneously. He was the only president to give his inaugural addresses without notes up to that particular point. He explained, “Some day I’ll be better recalled,” but he’s among our lesser-known presidents. An unusual part of his heritage: A body part of Grover Cleveland’s lives at the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia. It’s his “secret tumour,” an epithelioma removed in the roof of his mouth during his second period.