Grace continued to work in computing following the war, heading the team that created the very first computer language compiler, which resulted in the favorite COBOL language. Grace restarted active naval service in age 60, becoming a rear admiral before retiring in 1986. Hopper died in Virginia in 1992.
Produced Grace Brewster Murray in nyc on December 9, 1906, Grace Hopper studied math and physics at Vassar College. After graduating from Vassar in 1928, Grace moved to Yale University, where, in 1930, she received a master’s degree in math. Beginning in 1931, Hopper started instructing at Vassar while also continuing to study at Yale, where she earned a Ph.D. in math in 1934 becoming one of the very first few girl to earn such a degree. Hopper was commissioned as a lieutenant in June 1944. Following the war, Hopper stayed together with the Navy as a reserve officer. As a research fellow at Harvard, Hopper worked using the Mark II and Mark III computers.
In 1952, Hopper’s team created the primary compiler for computer languages (a compiler leaves worded instructions into code which can be read by computers). This compiler was a predecessor for the Common Business Oriented Language, or COBOL, a broadly altered language that could be utilized all over the world. Though Grace failed to devise COBOL, Hopper supported its adaptation. She’d stay together with the Navy for 19 years. When Hopper retired in 1986, at age 79, she was a rear admiral and the earliest serving officer in the service.
Saying that she’d be “bored stiff” if she stopped working completely, Hopper took another job post-retirement and remained in the computer industry for several more years. Hopper was given the National Medal of Technology in 1991 becoming the first female individual receiver of the honour. In age 85, Hopper expired in Arlington, Virginia, on January 1, 1992. Hopper was laid to rest in the Arlington National Cemetery.
Along with Hopper’s programming achievements, Hopper’s heritage comprises supporting young individuals to find out how to program. The Grace Hopper Celebration of Women In Computing Convention is a specialized seminar that supports girls to eventually become a part of the world of computing, while the Association for Computing Machinery provides a Grace Murray Hopper Award. Also, on Hopper’s birthday in 2013, Hopper was recalled using a “Google Doodle.”