Golda Meir was an Israeli politician produced on May 3, 1898, in Kiev, Russia. In 1969, party factions named her as the nation’s fourth Prime Minister, thus also becoming the planet ‘s third girl with that title. She died in Jerusalem on December 8, 1978. Her autobiography tells of her dad boarding up the home through the 1905 Kiev pogrom where mobs killed over 100 Jews. She did both, gaining a teaching certificate and wedding Morris Meyerson. In 1924, the couple moved to Jerusalem and soon had two kids.
Before the Second World War, a lot of the Middle East was below the control of France and Great Britain, as prescribed in the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916. British officials made assurances to set up a Jewish homeland, but this never materialized as well as the issue was left for another generation. The British White Paper of 1939 just called for a Jewish homeland, not a Jewish state and let Arab officials to decide on the speed of Jewish immigration. Throughout the war, Golda Meir appeared as a strong representative for the Zionist movement and fought hard against the policy pleading that increased Jewish immigration was critical in light of the persecution from the German Nazi regime.
The British intensified their enforcement of the White Paper policy by detaining many Jewish activists and illegal immigrants. When Moshe Shertok-Sharett was detained, Golda Meir replaced him as chief liaison together with the British. She worked to free him and lots of Jewish war refugees who’d offended British immigration policy. Meir after formed fundraising events in America for an Israeli independent state.
In 1948, Israel declared its autonomy and Golda Meir was among the signers of Israel’s resolution. The exact same year, she was named minister to Moscow, but when hostilities broke out between Arab states and Israel, she returned and was elected to the Israeli Parliament. He declined as well as the struggle enlarged to include the countries of Egypt, Trans Jordan, Iraq, and Syria against Israel.
Hostilities ended with an armistice that sustained Israeli autonomy and increased its size by 50 percent. Golda Meir served as minister of labour working to solve Israel’s housing and employment issues by executing leading housing and infrastructure building jobs. In 1956, she was named foreign minister and helped create relations with emerging African nations and strengthened ties with all America and Latin America.
At age sixty eight, Golda Meir wished to retire from public life. She was tired and sick but members of the Mapai political party supported her to serve as the party’s secretary general. Within another two years she helped combine her party and two dissident political parties in the Israel Labor Party. Together with the departure of Prime Minister Levi Eshkol in 1969, she put off retirement again and consented to serve out the balance of his period. The exact same year, her party won the elections giving her a four-year period as prime minister.
The discussion ended together with the outbreak of the Arab-Israeli war in October, 1973, also called the Yom Kippur War. Syrian forces were massing over the Golan Heights. Concerned a preemptive strike would bring condemnation by international patrons, particularly America, Meir prepared to get a defensive war. Syrian forces attacked in the north and Egypt attacked from the west. After three weeks, Israel was successful with increases of more Arab land. Golda Meir formed a fresh coalition government but stepped down on April 11, 1974, exhausted and ready to let others direct. She was succeeded by Yitzhak Rabin. Though she remained an important political figure, Golda Meir retired for great and released her autobiography, My Life, in 1975. On December 8, 1978, Meir died in Jerusalem in the age of 80. It had been disclosed that she suffered from leukemia.