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Lidewij Benus Biography:
Produced on February 15, 1564, in Pisa, Italy, Galileo Galilei was a math professor who made pioneering observations of nature with long lasting consequences for the analysis of physics. In 1574, the family moved to Florence, where Galileo began his formal schooling in the Camaldolese monastery in Vallombrosa.
Equipped with high intellect and ability, he soon became fascinated with many areas, especially math and physics. While at Pisa, Galileo was exposed to the Aristotelian perspective of the planet, then the top scientific expert as well as the sole one sanctioned by the Roman Catholic Church. Initially, Galileo supported this viewpoint, in the same way as any intellectual of his time, and was on course to be a university professor. Nevertheless, due to fiscal problems, Galileo left the university in 1585 before earning his degree.
Galileo continued to study math, supporting himself with minor teaching places. In this time he started his two-decade study on things in movement and released The Small Equilibrium, describing the hydrostatic principles of weighing small amounts, which brought him some popularity. This gained him a teaching post in the University of Pisa, in 1589. There Galileo ran his fabled experiments with falling objects and made his manuscript Du Motu (On Movement), a departure from Aristotelian perspectives about motion and falling things. In 1592, his contract together with the University of Pisa wasn’t revived.
Galileo immediately discovered a new place in the University of Padua, teaching geometry, mechanics and astronomy. The appointment was lucky, for his dad had died in 1591, leaving Galileo entrusted with all the care of his younger brother Michelagnolo. During his 18-year tenure at Padua, he gave amusing lectures and brought big crowds of followers, further raising his popularity and his sense of assignment.
In 1604, Galileo released The Procedures of the Geometrical and Military Compass, showing his abilities with experiments and practical technological uses. He also built a hydrostatic equilibrium for measuring small items. These developments brought him added income and much more acknowledgement. The exact same year, Galileo refined his theories on movement and falling things, and developed the universal law of acceleration, which all things in the universe minded. Galileo started to express openly his support of the Copernican theory the earth and planets revolved round the sun. This challenged the doctrine of Aristotle and also the recognized order determined from the Catholic Church.
In July 1609, Galileo learned about an easy telescope constructed by Dutch eyeglass manufacturers, and he soon developed one of his own. In August, he shown it to some Venetian merchants, who saw its worth for seeing boats and gave Galileo wages to make several of these. Nevertheless, Galileo’s dream driven him to go farther, as well as in the autumn of 1609 he made the fateful choice to turn his telescope toward the heavens. In March 1610, he released a little pamphlet, The Starry Messenger, showing his discoveries the moon wasn’t level and smooth, but a sphere with mountains and craters. He discovered Venus had phases such as the moon, showing it rotated round the sun. He also found Jupiter had revolving moons, which did not revolve around the world.
In 1613, he released his observations of sunspots, which further refuted Aristotelian doctrine the sun was perfect. The exact same year, Galileo wrote a letter to your pupil to spell out how Copernican theory failed to contradict Biblical passages, saying that scripture was written from an earthly standpoint and suggested that science provided a distinct, more precise view. The letter was made public and Church Inquisition advisors pronounced Copernican theory heretical. In 1616, Galileo was ordered not to “hold, teach, or defend in just about any way” the Copernican theory about the movement of our planet. Galileo minded the order for seven years, partially to make life simpler and partially because he was a faithful Catholic. In 1623, a pal of Galileo, Cardinal Maffeo Barberini, was chosen as Pope Urban VIII. He let Galileo to pursue his work on astronomy as well as encouraged him to print it, on condition it be objective and never recommend Copernican theory. Though Galileo asserted Dialogues was impersonal, it was certainly not. The promoter of Aristotelian belief comes across as the simpleton, becoming captured in his own arguments.
Church reaction from the publication was speedy, and Galileo was summoned to Rome. The Inquisition proceeding continued from September 1632 to July 1633. During most of the time, Galileo was handled with reverence and not imprisoned. In 1634, a French translation of his study of forces as well as their effects on matter was released, as well as a year after, copies of the Dialogue were printed in Holland. While under house arrest, Galileo composed Two New Sciences, a summation of his life’s work on the science of movement and durability of stuff. It had been printed in Holland in 1638. With this time, he’d become blind as well as in ill health. But in time, the Church could not deny the truth in science. In 1758, it revoked the prohibition on most works supporting Copernican theory, and by 1835 lost its resistance to heliocentrism completely.
In the 20th century, several popes recognized the great work of Galileo, as well as in 1992, Pope John Paul II expressed sorrow about the way in which the Galileo matter was managed. Galileo’s contribution to our knowledge of the universe was important not only in his discoveries, but in the processes he developed as well as using math to show them. He played a significant part in the scientific revolution and, deservedly so, earned the moniker “The Father of Contemporary Science.” He never wed Marina, perhaps because of financial stresses and perhaps worrying his illegitimate children would jeopardize his social standing. He stressed the two girls could not marry well, so when they were old, had them enter a convent. His son’s arrival was eventually legitimized and he became a successful musician.