Francis Scott Key – The Star Spangled Banner (TV14; 1:08) View a brief video about Francis Scott Key and the source of the American national anthem.
The garrison resisted the daylong assault, inspiring Key to compose a poem that will get to be the future U.S. national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Key afterwards served as a district attorney for Washington, D.C. Key expired on January 11, 1843.
Francis Scott Key was created on August 1, 1779, in Frederick County, Maryland, into a rich family on the plantation of Terra Rubra. Key was taught at home before the age of 10 and then attended an Annapolis grammar school. Key went to study at St. John’s College, finally returning to his home county to set up practice as a attorney. By 1805, he had set up his legal practice in Georgetown, part of Washington, D.C. From the early 1810s, the usa had entered into battle with Britain over the kidnapping of U.S. seamen and the disruption of commerce with France. Though opposed to the war due to FrancisScott beliefs and believing that the disagreement may be settled without armed struggle, Key still served in the Georgetown Light Field Artillery.
British forces seized Washington, D.C., in 1814. Taken prisoner was a Dr. William Beanes, who also happened to be a co-worker of Key. As a result of his work as a lawyer, Key was requested to assist in the discussion of Beanes’ launch as well as in the procedure traveled to Baltimore, where British naval forces were located along Chesapeake Bay. The Dr. William, alongside Colonel John Skinner, could ensure Beanes’ independence, though they are not permitted to go back to property before the British finished their bombardment of Fort McHenry.
On September 13, the three at sea saw what would eventually be a daylong assault. After continuous bombing, to Key’s surprise, the British were not capable to destroy the fortress, and Key noted upon the dawning of the next morning a big U.S. flag being flown. (It’d in fact been sewn by Mary Young Pickersgill in the request of the fortress commander.)
The British stopped their strike and left the place. Key promptly wrote down the words to get a poem he would continue composing at an hostel the following day. The work, which relied greatly on visualizations of what Francis observed, would come to be known as the “Defence of Fort M’Henry” and was printed in handbills and papers, like the Baltimore Patriot.
Key also had a sophisticated, some might say contradictory, position on race. In his capacity as district attorney, he was noted to have supervised proceedings that carried on the system of captivity, prosecuting abolitionists. Himself also helped create the American Colonization Society, which recommended the transportation of African Americans to Africa. Informative data on Key’s relationship to race and his D.C. legal profession can be located in the Jefferson Morley novel Snow Storm in August: Washington City, Francis Scott Key, and the Lost Race Riot of 1835. Decades later, in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson declared “The Star-Spangled Banner” needs to be played at official occasions.