Florence Nightingale – She created a nursing school and her writings started world-wide health care reform.
Throughout the Crimean War, she and a team of nurses enhanced the unsanitary conditions in a British base hospital, cutting back the death count by two thirds. Her writings started world-wide healthcare reform. She died August 13, 1910, in London.
She was the younger of two kids. Nightingale’s wealthy British family belonged to elite social groups. Her mom, Frances Nightingale, hailed from a household of retailers and took pride in socializing with folks of outstanding societal standing. Despite her mother’s interest in social climbing, Florence herself was apparently ill at ease in social situations. She favored to prevent being the middle of attention whenever you can. Strong willed, Florence frequently butted heads together with her mom, whom she seen as too controlling. Still, like many daughters, she was keen to please her mom. “I believe I ‘m got something more good natured and abiding,” Florence wrote in her very own defense, concerning the mom-daughter relationship. From an extremely young age, Florence Nightingale was active in philanthropy, ministering to the sick and poor people within the hamlet neighboring her family’s estate. She considered it to be her divine intention.
When Nightingale approached her parents and told them about her aspirations to be a nurse, they weren’t pleased. The truth is, her parents forbade her to pursue nursing. Throughout the Victorian Era, a young lady of Nightingale’s societal prominence was anticipated to wed a man of means—not take up a job that was viewed as lowly menial work by the top social classes. When Nightingale was 17 years old, she refused a marriage proposal from a “acceptable” gentleman, Richard Monckton Milnes.
Nightingale described her reason behind turning him down, saying that while he aroused her intellectually and romantically, her “moral…energetic nature…demands satisfaction, which wouldn’t discover it in this life.” Decided to pursue her true calling despite her parents’ objections, in 1844, Nightingale registered as a nursing student in the Lutheran Hospital of Pastor Fliedner in Kaiserswerth, Germany.
Her performance there so impressed her company that Nightingale was promoted to superintendant within only a year of being hired. The position established challenging as Nightingale grappled using a cholera outbreak and unsanitary conditions conducive to the accelerated spread of the disorder. Nightingale made it her mission to boost hygiene practices, significantly lowering the death rate in the hospital along the way. She’d only barely recovered when the greatest challenge of her nursing career presented itself. In October of 1853, the Crimean War broke out. The British Empire was at war from the Russian Empire for control of the Ottoman Empire. Tens of thousands of British soldiers were sent to the Black Sea, where supplies rapidly dwindled. By 1854, no fewer than 18,000 soldiers had been accepted into military hospitals.
At that time, there were no female nurses stationed at hospitals in the Crimea. The bad trustworthiness of previous female nurses had led the war office to avoid hiring more. But, following the Battle of Alma, England was in an uproar regarding the negligence of the sick and wounded soldiers, who not only lacked adequate medical attention as a result of hospitals being terribly understaffed, but also languished in appallingly unsanitary and inhumane conditions. Nightingale climbed to her calling. She immediately gathered a team of 34 nurses from various religious orders, and sailed with them to the Crimea only several days after.
The hospital sat on top of a big cesspool, which contaminated the water as well as the hospital building itself. Patients lay on in their very own excrement on stretchers strewn through the halls. Rodents and bugs scurried past them. The standard supplies, including bandages and soap, grew increasingly tight as how many sick and wounded steadily increased. Even water needed to be rationed.
The no nonsense Nightingale immediately place to work. She procured hundreds of scrub brushes and requested the least infirm patients to scrub the interior of the hospital from floor to ceiling. In the evenings she moved through the dim halls taking a lamp while making her rounds, ministering to patient after patient. Others just called her “the Angel of the Crimea.” Her work reduced the hospital’s death rate by two thirds.
In added to significantly improving the sanitary conditions of the hospital, Nightingale created numerous patient services that led to enhancing the standard of the hospital stay. She instituted the development of an “invalid’s kitchen” where appealing food for patients with specific dietary requirements was cooked. She created a laundry to ensure that patients would have clean linens. She also instituted a classroom as well as a library, for patients’ intellectual stimulation and amusement.
According to her observations in the Crimea, Nightingale composed Notes on Issues Affecting the Health, Efficiency and Hospital Administration of the British Army, an 830-page report examining her expertise and proposing reforms for other military hospitals working under poor conditions. The novel would trigger a complete restructuring of the War Office’s administrative section, for example, establishment of a Royal Commission for the Fitness of the Army in 1857. Nightingale stayed at Scutari to get annually along with a half. To her surprise she was met using a hero’s welcome, which the poor nurse did her best to prevent.
Nightingale chose to make use of the cash to help her cause. Nightingale became a figure of public wonder. Poems, songs and plays were composed and dedicated in the heroine’s honour. Young women aspired to be like her. Ready to check out her example, even girls in the wealthy upper classes began registering in the training school. As a result of Nightingale, nursing was no longer frowned upon from the upper classes; it’d, actually, come to be viewed as an honest profession.
While at Scutari, Nightingale had got “Crimean temperature” and would never completely recover. From the time she was 38 years old, she was homebound and bedridden, and also would be so for the rest of her life. Fiercely determined, and dedicated as ever to enhancing health care and relieving patients’ anguish, Nightingale continued her work from her bed. Residing in Mayfair, she stayed an ability and supporter of health care reform, interviewing politicians and welcoming prominent visitors from her bed. In 1859, she published Notes on Hospitals, which focused on the best way to correctly run civilian hospitals.
Throughout the U.S. Civil War, she was often consulted about how to best handle field hospitals. Nightingale additionally served as an expert on public cleanliness problems in India for the military and civilians, although she’d never been to India herself. In 1908, in the age of 88, she was conferred the value of honour by King Edward. In August 1910, Florence Nightingale fell ill, but appeared to recover and was apparently in good spirits. She died unexpectedly at 2 pm the following day, Saturday, August 13, at her house in London.
Characteristically, she’d expressed the desire that her funeral be a quiet and small event, regardless of people ‘s need to respect Nightingale who tirelessly dedicated her life to preventing disease and ensuring safe and compassionate treatment for the poor and the anguish. Honoring her last wishes, her relatives turned down a national funeral. To this day, Florence Nightingale is generally recognized and revered as the leader of contemporary nursing.