Emily Dickinson – There, she filled laptops with poetry and composed numerous letters. Dickinson’s extraordinary work was released after her passing on May 15, 1886, in Amherst and she’s now considered one of the towering figures of American literature. Her paternal grandfather, Samuel Dickinson, was well called the creator of Amherst College.
Emily Dickinson was educated at Amherst Academy (now Amherst College) as well as the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. She was an outstanding pupil, despite lost long stretches of the school year as a result of regular sickness and depression. Although the exact reasons for Dickinson’s final departure in the academy in 1848 are unknown, it’s thought that her delicate emotional state likely played a part. Dickinson started composing as a teen. Her early influences include Leonard Humphrey, principal of Amherst Academy, as well as a household friend named Benjamin Franklin Newton. There, she befriended a minister named Charles Wadsworth, who turn into a cherished correspondent.
Among her peers, Dickinson’s closest friend and advisor was a girl named Susan Gilbert. In 1856, Gilbert wed Dickinson’s brother, William Austin Dickinson. The Dickinson family lived on a big house called The Homestead in Amherst. After their marriage, William and Susan settled in a property close to The Homestead called The Evergreens. Emily served as primary caregiver for his or her ailing mother in the mid-1850s until her mom’s death in 1882. (Neither Emily nor her sister Lavinia ever married and resided together in The Homestead until their various deaths.)
Dickinson’s seclusion in this interval was likely partially as a result of her duties as defender of her ill mom. Scholars have theorized that she suffered from illnesses including agoraphobia, depression and stress. She also was treated for a debilitating ailment of her eyes. Following the mid 1860s, she rarely left the boundaries of The Homestead. It was also in this time that Dickinson was most productive as a poet, filling notebooks with poetry with no knowledge on the section of her family. In her time, Dickinson studied botany and compiled a vast herbarium. She also kept correspondence using various contacts. Among her camaraderie, with Judge Otis Phillips Lord, has seemingly grown right into a love affair before Lord’s death in 1884.
Little of Dickinson’s work was printed during the time of her departure, as well as the few works that have been released were edited and changed to conform to traditional standards of the time. Sadly, a lot of the energy of Dickinson’s uncommon usage of syntax and form was lost in the alteration. After her sister’s departure, Lavinia Dickinson found hundreds of her poems in notebooks that Emily had filled over time. The initial volume of the poems was published in 1890, with added volumes following. A complete compilation, The Poems of Emily Dickinson, was not released until 1955.
Emily Dickinson’s prominence as a writer soared from the initial publication of her poems within their intended form. She’s famous for her moving and compressed verse, which deeply affected the course of 20th century poetry. The strength of her literary voice, along with her reclusive and strange life, leads to the feeling of Dickinson as an indelible American character.
Langston Hughes – Miniature Biography (TV14; 3:33) Langston Hughes was the top voice of the Harlem Renaissance, whose poetry showcased the dignity and beauty in everyday black life.
Robert Frost – Miniature Biography (TVPG; 3:35) Robert Frost won four Pulitzer Prizes and was the Initiative Poet for President Kennedy in 1961. He became the unofficial poet laureate of America in the mid-20th Century.
Maya Angelou –