He was crucial in bailing Rosa Parks from jail and placing her case to start the Montgomery Bus Boycott, recruiting Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as well. Nixon expired on February 25, 1987. His mom died when Nixon was a son, and he afterwards lived in Montgomery during his teens. Nixon grew up to be a statuesque young man who found employment employed as a Pullman porter toward the start of the 1920s.
Nixon became involved using the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, an African American union founded and presided over by A. Philip Randolph. The BSCP president inspired Nixon to actions, and he went to become the leader of the BSCP Alabama division as well as a thoughtful, empowering community activist who mainly affected the civil rights movement.
She took action on his request, as well as the two after coincidentally met when she was riding on a train and he was employed as a porter, starting a friendship. Around the exact same time he was elected to head the Montgomery chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, after becoming president of the corporation ‘s whole Alabama division.
Nixon was a clever strategist, and guaranteed one year that he’d marshal African American votes to support a police commissioner nominee in exchange for black policemen being hired on the force. Nixon also ran for county office in 1954, the exact same year he was selected as the Alabama Diary’s Man of the Year; he lost the election only with a small margin.
Nixon was searching for a means to officially challenge the city’s segregationist laws. Nixon set his house on bond to give bail for Parks, also enlisting the assistance of white lawyer Clifford Durr and his partner Virginia. Nixon considered the occasion could spur a boycott of the region’s bus lines and be processed via legal channels, convincing Parks of the energy of her case. He also enlisted the help of a new, youthful preacher in the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., to head the boycott.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott continued for more than 380 days, using the African American community putting up with a host of travails that contained harassment and violent assaults. Nixon’s house was firebombed two days after King’s, and he was indicted for breaking a state anti-boycott legislative act. Yet the boycott persevered as well as the city was eventually compelled to revoke its bus segregation laws.
Nixon separate in the MIA in 1957, protesting course- and instruction-established biases in direction as well as the condescending treatment he believed he had received. He continued his community work and became a public housing diversion manager after his retirement as a porter. Nixon eventually received an honorary doctorate from Alabama State University, as well as other accolades. He was married twice. His first wife, Alease, gave birth to their own son, E.D. Nixon Jr., in 1928 and passed in 1934. Nixon and his second wife, Arlette, worked jointly in the civil rights movement.