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Dolley Madison Biography

Full nameByron de la Beckwith
Birth placeColusa, California, USA
Birth date1920-11-9
Age99 years, 2 month, 4 days
Star signScorpio

Byron de la Beckwith sources


Byron de la Beckwith Biography:

Her husband, James Madison, was president of America from 1809 to 1817. The vivacious Dolley set the template for the job of first lady, helping set up American political conventions and keep them through the adversities of the War of 1812. She died in Washington on July 12, 1849. Her mom, Mary Coles, was already a Quaker when she married John Payne in 1761. Payne was accepted to the Quaker monthly meeting in Hanover County, Virginia, where he attended services together with his own wife and her parents before the couple relocated to New Jersey.

The Paynes shortly returned to Virginia, to reside near the Coleses and raise their young kids. Although John Payne possessed slaves, his Quaker religion preached contrary to the practice. In 1783, after the American Revolution, Payne eventually emancipated his slaves. Left the plantation, Payne moved his family to Philadelphia, going into business as a starch retailer. He died in 1792. Mary Payne initially supported herself by running a boarding house.

In 1790, Dolley married John Todd, a Quaker attorney in Philadelphia. After Dolley’s mom left Philadelphia, her sister Anna Payne moved in with the Todds. By mid-September, thousands had fled the city. Dolley’s husband John and son William died of yellow fever on the exact same day. She was a widow in the age of 25, with her youthful son Payne to support.

It wasn’t long before she met the guy who’d become her second husband. In 1794, Madison requested his pal Aaron Burr to present him to Dolley, who had been well known and enjoyed in the city’s social groups. Madison was 43, a lifelong bachelor 17 years old than Dolley. Several months afterwards, Dolley accepted his proposal of marriage. They were wed on September 15, 1794, and stayed in Philadelphia for another 36 months. Since James Madison wasn’t a Quaker, Dolley needed to relinquish her spiritual identity to be able to wed him.

By 1797, Madison chose to retire from politics after eight years in the House of Representatives. He along with his family returned to Montpelier, the Madison family plantation in Virginia. When his political ally Thomas Jefferson was elected as the next president of America in 1800, nevertheless, he requested Madison to serve as his secretary of state. The Madisons, including Dolley’s son Payne, moved to Washington, in addition to their domestic slaves from Montpelier. Dolley Madison made her presence felt in Washington. Since Thomas Jefferson was a widower, he often called to the bright and vivacious Dolley to serve as his first lady at official functions. Dolley additionally brought to the growth and ornamentation of the White House the first official presidential residence in the new United States.

Dolley’s weekly parties led to her husband’s popularity as president and supplied a societal setting for politicking. An important episode in the building of Dolley’s persona happened throughout the War of 1812. Several days after, she returned to town, where she continued to host celebrations, keeping the social vitality of the badly damaged capital. They stayed in Virginia until James Madison’s passing on June 28, 1836.

Dolley’s fiscal situation was weakened by the exploits of her son, Payne Todd. In 1830, Todd went to debtors’ prison in Philadelphia. The Madisons sold property and mortgaged half of the Montpelier plantation to pay his debts. After James Madison’s departure, Dolley coordinated and replicated her husband’s documents on the span of a year. Congress authorized $55,000 as payment for editing and releasing seven volumes of the Madison newspapers. Dolley’s son and her sister Anna remained with her during now.

In the autumn of 1837, a year after her husband’s passing, Dolley Madison returned to Washington, moving right into a home on Lafayette Square. She left Todd in charge of Montpelier, but it rapidly became clear that his alcoholism rendered him unable to keep the plantation correctly. Dolley first tried to sell the rest of James Madison’s documents to assist support her son. Not able to locate a buyer, she sold Montpelier and its own remaining slaves. Dolley Madison died at her house in Washington in 1849. She was 81. Initially entombed in the Congressional Cemetery, she was after was re-interred at Montpelier, where she lies next to her husband.

Dolley Madison Biography

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