|Full name||Colin Luther Powell|
|Know as||Colin Powell, Powell, Colin|
|Birth place||New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Age||81 years, 10 month, 10 days|
|Work||Recipient of the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award|
|Education||City College of New York|
|Height||6' 2" (1.88 m)|
Colin Luther Powell sourcesimdb.com/name/nm0694068
Colin Luther Powell Biography:
Colin Luther Powell is a Usa statesman and also a retired four star general in the United States Army. He was the first African American named to that place.
Military official/diplomat. Produced Colin Luther Powell on April 5, 1937, in Harlem, Nyc. Powell was taught in the Nyc public schools, and graduated from Morris High School in 1954 without any clear plans for where he wished to go in life. He shortly became commander of his unit. This experience set him on a military career and gave him arrangement and course in his life.
The couple now has three kids: son Michael, and daughters Linda and Annemarie. The exact same year, he was one of 16,000 advisors sent to South Vietnam by President John Kennedy. In 1963, Powell was wounded by a punji stick booby trap while patrolling the Vietnamese-Laotian boundary. During this first tour of duty, he was given a Purple Heart and, a year after, a Bronze Star.
While on his second Vietnam tour of duty from 1968 to 1969, the 31-year old Army major was granted the assignment of investigating the My Lai massacre. In this event, more than 300 civilians were killed by U.S. Army forces. Colin Powell’s report appeared to refute the allegations of wrongdoing and said, “Relationships between American soldiers and also the Vietnamese folks are excellent.” Additionally in this tour in Vietnam, Powell was injured in a chopper crash. Despite his injury, he managed to save his comrades in the burning helicopter, that he was awarded the Soldier’s Medal. In all, Powell has received 11 military decorations, such as the Legion of Merit.
He was delegated to the Office of Management and Budget through the Nixon government and made a permanent impression on Caspar Weinberger and Frank Carlucci. Both guys would consult Powell for guidance when they served as secretary of defense and national security advisor, respectively, in the Reagan administration.
Colonel Colin Powell served a tour of duty in Korea in 1973 as a battalion commander and following that, he got a staff job in the Pentagon. In the Carter administration, he was an assistant to the deputy secretary of defense as well as the secretary of energy. Promoted to major general, he again helped Frank Carlucci in the Department of Defense through the transition in the Carter to the Reagan administration. Then he served as senior military aide to Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger, helping coordinate the invasion of Granada as well as the bombing of Libya.
In 1987, Powell became national security advisor, a post he held for the length of the Reagan administration. It had been found the government had organized for secret and illegal shipments of U.S. weapons to Iran in exchange for the release of hostages. Profits from your selling of the weapons would visit support the counterinsurgency movement in Nicaragua, that was aimed at toppling the Sandinistas. Such support was prohibited by Congress since 1982. Powell was requested to testify before Congress in regards to the event, however he had not been implicated in almost any wrongdoing.
In 1989, President George H. W. Bush named General Colin Powell as Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staffs. The place is the highest military position in the Department of Defense, and Powell was the very first African American officer to receive that distinction. As chief military strategist, he developed what became known as the “Powell Doctrine,” an approach to military battles that supporters using overwhelming force to increase success and minimize casualties. He continued as chairman of the Joint Chiefs in the initial month or two of the Clinton administration. He openly differed with the president on the matter of accepting homosexuals to the military, although he finally consented to the “do not ask, do not tell” compromise.
Colin Powell retired in the Army in 1993. In 1994, he joined Senator Sam Nunn and former President Jimmy Carter on a last minute peacekeeping excursion to Haiti, which resulted in the conclusion of military rule as well as a peaceful return to elected authorities in that state. From 1997 to 2000, he was chairman of America’s Promise, a nonprofit organization focused on fostering character and competence in young individuals. Powell and his wife, Alma, now co chair the organization, which includes a presence in more than 500 communities in all 50 states.
In those days, this was the best ranking in civilian authorities ever held by an African American. During his tenure, Powell came under fire because of his part in assembling the case for the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Initially, Powell had serious misgivings about President Bush’s strategy to invade Iraq and overthrow Saddam Hussein. Powell considered the policy of containment was adequate to command the Iraqi regime. He warned Bush that a military invasion would use up the president’s first period and that if an attack should happen to happen, it will use overwhelming power and also have extensive international support. This support will be vital to the rebuilding of Iraq.
Bush made a decision to go to war and, in an important second, Powell agreed to support the president. Powell’s reputation for integrity helped convince many in Congress as well as the nation that Iraq presented an imminent danger.
For the rest of Bush’s first term, Colin Powell attempted to set up a global coalition to help in the rebuilding of Iraq. Powell advised the committee of the importance to reform the intelligence community to be able to enhance its assembly and evaluation. National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice was his successor.
Since his retirement, Powell has stayed outspoken on political matters, openly criticizing the Bush administration on several problems. In September 2006, Powell joined average Senate Republicans in supporting more rights and better treatment for detainees in the Guantanamo detention facility. In October 2008, Colin Powell made headlines again when he declared his endorsement of Barack Obama for president.
Powell has additionally spent much of his retirement in the business community. In 2006, he was a speaker in a particular show called Get Inspired, along with former New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani.
Colin Powell has spent much of his life inspiring many with his leadership abilities and life experiences. In addition to his own wife, Powell started America’s Promise Alliance, within their devotion to the wellbeing of children and youth of socioeconomic levels as well as their commitment to seeing that young people receive the resources needed to be successful.
Colin Powell started his American journey from normal conditions. His close knit family provided support as well as a caring environment during his youth. He found his calling in the military, and his whole adult life continues to be in the service of his nation. As a soldier, he was dedicated to protecting the country and advancing democratic values. While he gravitated toward support functions early in his career, his organizational ability and down-to-earth perspective were understood by people who put him in crucial government advisory functions.