|Full name||Charles Parker, Jr.|
|Know as||Charlie Parker, Parker, Charlie|
|Birth place||Kansas City, Missouri, USA|
|Lived||34 years, 6 month, 14 days|
Charles Parker, Jr. sourcescmgww.com/music/parker/home.html
Charles Parker, Jr. Biography:
From 1935 to 1939, Charlie played the Missouri club scene with local jazz and blues groups. In 1945 Charlie directed his own group while performing with Dizzy Gillespie on the side. Collectively Dizzy invented bebop. Parker died a week later on March 12, 1955, in nyc. His dad, Charles Parker, was an African American stage entertainer, and his mom, Addie Parker, was a maid-charwoman of Native American tradition. At that time, the city proved to be a dynamic centre for African-American music, including jazz, blues and gospel.
Charlie found his own gift for music through taking lessons at public schools. As a teenager, he played the baritone horn in the school band. From the time Charlie was 15, the alto saxophone was his instrument of preference. (Charlie’s mom had given him a saxophone several years earlier, to help cheer him up after his dad had left the family.) While still in school, Charlie began playing with groups on the neighborhood nightclub scene. His father was so enamored of playing the sax that, in 1935, he chose to drop out of school in pursuit of a full time musical profession. In 1939, Parker chose to stick around nyc. There Parker stayed for nearly annually, employed as an expert musician and jamming for joy quietly. Parker was at first compelled to wash dishes so that you can get by. While working in nyc, Parker met guitarist Biddy Fleet. It could establish a profitable meeting.
Later that year Parker learned the news of his dad’s passing and went back to Kansas City, Missouri for the funeral. Following the funeral, Parker joined Harlan Leonard’s Rockets and stayed in Missouri for another five months. Parker then determined it was time to head back to the Big Apple, where he’d rejoin Jay McShann’s group. It was with McShann’s group, in 1940, that Parker made his first record.
Parker stayed on with all the group for four years, during which time he was given several great opportunities to perform solo on their records. As the narrative goes, Parker was given the nickname for just one of two potential reasons: 1) He was free as a bird, or 2) he inadvertently hit a chicken, otherwise called a lawn fowl, while driving on tour with all the group. Later that year, Parker signed up for an eight-month show with Earl Hines. Afterward in 1944, Parker joined the Billy Eckstine group.
The year 1945 proved to be a watershed one for Parker. Only at that point in his career, he’s considered to have come into his adulthood as a musician. For the very first time, his father became the leader of his own group while also performing with Dizzy Gillespie to the side. At the conclusion of the year, both musicians started a six-week club tour of Hollywood. Collectively they were able to devise a totally new type of jazz, often called bop, or bebop. Following the joint tour, Parker stayed on in la, performing before the summer of 1946.
Following an interval of hospitalization, his father returned to nyc in January of 1947 and formed a quintet there. Along with his group, Parker performed a number of his best known and best-loved tunes, including his own compositions like “Cool Blues.” From 1947 to 1951, Parker performed in ensembles and solo in various places, including nightclubs and radio stations. Parker additionally signed with a couple of distinct record labels: From 1945 to 1948, he recorded for Dial. In 1948, his father recorded for Savoy Records before signing with Mercury.
In 1949, Parker made his European debut in the Paris International Jazz Festival and went to see Scandinavia in 1950. Meanwhile, back home in the Big Apple, the Birdland Club had been named in his honour. From the time Parker wed Rebecca Ruffin in 1936, he’d already started abusing substances and booze. Fiscal pressures created a rift between the couple, and Parker turned to diamorphine for an getaway. The couple ended up leaving his second wife not long as soon as two children were wed.
In June of 1946, while performing solo in la, Parker had to cut his tour brief when he suffered a nervous breakdown and was committed into a mental hospital, where he remained until January of 1947. Just clean in 1948, Parker married Doris Snyder, but the union fell apart within under a year when Parker began using again. His heroin misuse just increased following the divorce. In the early 1950s, Parker took on a live in girlfriend, a jazz enthusiast named Chan Richardson.
From the time his father got the card back a year later, his reputation was so damaged that nightclub owners nevertheless refused to let him play. Drug-addled and depressed, Parker attempted to take his own life twice in 1954, by drinking iodine. Although his father survived both efforts, his physical and mental health had significantly deteriorated. In 1955, Parker was seeing along with his buddy Baroness Pannonica”Nica”de Koenigswarter when he endured an ulcer attack and refused to visit the hospital. On March 12, 1955, Charlie Parker perished in the baroness’ New York City flat of lobar pneumonia as well as the disastrous ramifications of long term substance abuse.