Born into a rich family, Charles Carroll became an associate of the Continental Congress as the American Revolution loomed. Carroll missed the vote on autonomy but signed the final draft of the Declaration on Independence, becoming the only Catholic to do this. He was an associate of the Maryland state Senate as well as the U.S. Senate (concurrently), eventually retiring to private life in 1800.
Charles Carroll was born in September 1737 into a leading Annapolis, Maryland, family. He was educated at Jesuit schools in Maryland and France before going to study law in Paris and London. In 1765 he returned to Maryland an educated guy to take the reins of the household estate (which was among the biggest in the American colonies). He also added “of Carrollton” to his name (he seems as “Charles Carroll of Carrollton” in particular sources) to differentiate himself from his dad and cousins, all of whom had similar names.
Together with the Revolution gearing up, in 1774 Carroll found himself approached by Benjamin Franklin and Samuel Chase to aid develop the support of the Canadian authorities for his or her cause. Carried out by all three guys, the eventual assignment had not been a success, but two years after Carroll was named to the Continental Congress, where he was an influential person in the Board of War and an early supporter for armed opposition as well as the best severing of governmental ties with England. (He was nominated again in 1780 but determined to not accept the place.) Although Carroll had not been present to vote on the matter of freedom, he was present for the signing of the last Declaration of Independence.
In 1777, Carroll became a Maryland state senator, serving until 1800. In 1800 he retired from politics to concentrate on company issues: managing his vast property holdings, enlarging his interests in the westward canal system and after helping set up the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company. Charles Carroll, the sole Roman Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence, was also the last surviving signer, expiring in Baltimore in 1832 in the age of 95.