It’s thought that Chavez’s hunger strikes led to his departure on April 23, 1993, in San Luis, Arizona. Chavez dedicated his life to enhancing the treatment, pay and working conditions for farm workers. He understood all too well the hardships farm workers faced.
This union joined together with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee in its first strike against grape growers in California in 1965. A year after, both unions merged, as well as the resultant union was renamed the United Farm Workers in 1972. In early 1968, Chavez called for a national boycott of California table grape growers. Chavez’s fight together with the grape growers for improved settlement and labour states would continue for a long time. By the end, Chavez and his union won several successes for the workers when many growers signed contracts with all the union. He faced more challenges through the past few years from some other growers as well as the Teamsters Union. All of the while, he continued to manage the union and work to improve his cause.
As a labor leader, Chavez used nonviolent way to bring focus on the plight of farm workers. He directed marches, called for boycotts and went on several hunger strikes. He also brought the national consciousness to the risks of pesticides to workers’ well-being. His commitment to his work earned him numerous friends and supporters, including Robert Kennedy and Jesse Jackson. It’s thought that Chavez’s hunger strikes led to his departure: He expired on April 23, 1993, in San Luis, Arizona.