Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president of America, was created on August 20, 1833, in North Bend, Ohio. Harrison lost the presidency to Cleveland a tumultuous four years later. Harrison died at his house in Indianapolis, Indiana, on March 13, 1901. The Harrisons were among the First Families of Virginia, with origins stretching back to Jamestown.
In 1850, Harrison transferred to Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. After finishing school, Harrison studied law and eventually created his own practice. Then he married Caroline Scott as well as the couple later had two kids, Russell Benjamin Harrison and Mary “Mamie” Scott Harrison. Harrison joined the Republican Party soon after its creation in 1856, campaigning for national nominees and participating in local races. War interrupted Harrison’s political aspirations. From the war’s ending, he’d attained the position of brigadier general.
Harrison resumed his political career after 1865. Following several unsuccessful runs for office, Harrison was elected to the United States Senate in 1880. Harrison supported the Republican Party positions of ample pensions for veterans and instruction for free blacks. Harrison broke along with his party, yet, to oppose the contentious Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. In 1885, Harrison was defeated in his bid for reelection. He’d to not be outside of the limelight for very long, yet: As the presidential election of 1888 approached, the Republican Party found itself without an obvious nominee after favourite James G. Blaine removed his name from controversy.
Harrison ran a front porch campaign, receiving delegations and giving addresses without traveling far afield. Finally, Harrison prevailed within an election filled with corruption, winning the Electoral College while losing the popular vote. One of the important problems confronting his government were civil service reform, the government of Civil War pensions as well as the management of tariffs. The spending policies of the government during Harrison’s period earned the legislative branch the moniker “the Billion Dollar Congress.”
The issues of money reform and economic equity were additionally issues that Harrison was compelled to address. As president, Harrison signed the Sherman Antitrust Act into law in a bid to curtail monopolies. The inquiry of monetizing silver additionally required government focus. Although Harrison signed a compromise bill, the controversy over money continued to rage throughout his presidency. Harrison also tried, unsuccessfully, to enact legislation protecting and expanding the civil rights of black Americans.
America, now past the Civil War, hadn’t worked out its relationship to its Native American inhabitants by the time Harrison had taken office. On December 29, 1890, national troops battled together with the Sioux in the Battle of Wounded Knee, killing almost 150 men, girls and kids. Elsewhere, the government continued its competitive policies of assimilation and acculturation. Among the enduring legacies of Harrison’s presidency was the growth of the united states to range from the states of Montana, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming and the Dakotas. While Harrison became enmeshed in the Hawaiian annexation argument in the conclusion of his presidency, the issue stayed open into the 1890s.
Economically, the situation was worsening as the election approached. Excess gave solution to shortage as the united states spiraled toward monetary scare. In 1892, the Democratic Party re-nominated former President Cleveland to run from the unpopular Harrison. Harrison didn’t campaign on his own benefit, deciding to stay from the side of his ailing wife, who expired in October 1892. Two weeks later, former President Cleveland reigned supreme over incumbent President Harrison in the general election. In 1896, Harrison wed Mary Scott Lord Dimmick, a niece of his late wife. His two adult kids disapproved of their dad’s marriage into a comparative 25 years his junior. Benjamin Harrison died of pneumonia at his house in Indianapolis, Indiana, on March 13, 1901, in age 67. He’s interred in the Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis, beside both of his wives.