Benjamin Franklin – Miniature Biography (TV14; 2:15) A brief biography on Benjamin Franklin, who is been notoriously called the “first Citizen of the 18th Century.” A man of several trades, Franklin is renowned for “Poor Richard’s Almanac,” in addition to his work in electric theory.
Produced in Boston in 1706, Benjamin Franklin coordinated the United States’ first lending library and volunteer fire department. His scientific interests comprised investigations into electricity, math and mapmaking. Benjamin Franklin helped draft the Declaration of Independence as well as the U.S Constitution, and negotiated the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which indicated the conclusion of the Revolutionary War. Benjamin was his 15th kid as well as the final son.
Despite his success in the Boston Latin School, Ben was removed at 10 to work together with his dad at candle making, but dunking wax and cutting wicks did not fire his imagination. Ben took to this like a duck to water, despite his brother’s difficult treatment. When James refused to publish some of his brother’s writing, Ben embraced the pseudonym Mrs. Silence Dogood, and “her” 14 ingenious and witty letters were printed in his brother’s paper, The New England Courant, to the joy of the readership. But James was furious when it was found the letters were his brother’s, and Ben left his apprenticeship soon later, escaping to the Big Apple, but settling in Philadelphia, which was his home base for the remainder of his life.
Franklin furthered his instruction in the print trade in Philadelphia, staying in the home of John Read in 1723, where he met and courted Read’s daughter Deborah. Once applied, however, his father could take complete benefit of the town ‘s delights, attending theatre, mingling with all the people in coffee houses and continuing his lifelong passion for reading. Franklin returned to Philadelphia in 1726 to find that Deborah Read had wed. In the the next couple of years his father held diverse occupations including bookkeeper, shopkeeper and money cutter. His father also fathered a son, William, out of wedlock in this period. In late 1727, Franklin formed the “Junto,” a societal and self improvement study group for young men, and early the following year could set up his own print shop using a partner.
After publishing another pamphlet, “The Nature and Importance of a Paper Currency,” Franklin could buy The Pennsylvania Gazette paper from a former leader, and was elected the official printer of Pennsylvania. His father was likewise in a position to take Deborah Read as his common law wife in 1730, after her husband vanished after stealing a slave. Their very first son, Francis, was created in 1732 (although he died four years later of smallpox). Franklin’s visibility and success grew during the 1730s, particularly together with the publication of Poor Richard’s Almanack in the conclusion of 1732.
The 1740s saw Franklin growing into entrepreneurship with creation of the Franklin range, as well as into scientific interests. His precious daughter Sarah was born in 1743. His father became a soldier in the Pennsylvania militia in age 42, but his enduring fascination with electricity was ignited only at that time, also. His father ran the well-known kite-and-key experiment in 1752 after a number of his theories on electricity were released in England the previous year. In 1775, Franklin was elected to the Second Continental Congress so when postmaster general for the colonies, having mapped the postal courses in 1762. And in 1776, Benjamin Franklin was one of five guys to draft the Declaration of Independence. Franklin was also among the 13 guys who drafted the Articles of Confederation.
Much is made of Franklin’s life in Paris as basically the first U.S. ambassador to France, mainly his romantic life. His father even proposed marriage, to some widow named Madame Helvetius, in age 74, but she rejected him. His name eased admiration and entrees into closed communities, including that of King Louis XVI. And it was his skillful diplomacy that resulted in the peace treaty with England in 1783 as well as other foreign alliances and commerce treaties. After nearly a decade in France, Franklin returned to America in 1785.
Considering there are so many of America’s early heroes, successes require the limelight, while failures are seldom mentioned. But with any excellent entrepreneur the failures are only paving stones to the successes. Franklin himself said, “don’t fear mistakes. You may understand failure. Continue to reach out.” He took his own guidance. Franklin mapped the Gulf Stream, devised swim fins, the lightning rod and musical instruments, established schools, and amassed dozens of other achievements. Governor’seducation earned him honorary degrees from Harvard, Yale, Oxford University in England, as well as the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.
His father also made an ill advised recommendation for Pennsylvania’s postage distribution that caused the people to misconstrue where he stood on American support. His own son William, whom he helped to reach the governorship of New Jersey, opposed him about the union of the colonies, which stuck Franklin to the stage where he mentioned it in his will nearly 25 years later.
Franklin’s voracious capability for knowledge, investigation and finding practical alternatives to issues was his main focus, as was his dedication to “doing great,” which resulted in the idea of paying it forth.
Benjamin Franklin died on April 17, 1790, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the house of his daughter, Sarah Bache. His father was 84, suffered from gout and had complained of ailments for a while, finishing the last codicil to his will a bit over a year along with a half before his departure. However, the Work shall not be Lost; For it will (as his father Believ’d) Appear once More In a brand new and More Refined Edition Revised and Corrected By the writer. Finally, but the stone on the grave his father shared with his wife read only, “Benjamin and Deborah Franklin 1790.”
The picture of Benjamin Franklin that’s come down through history, as well as the picture on the $100 bill, is something of a caricature a hairless guy in a frock coat holding a kite cord with a key attached. However, the range of things his father used himself to was so extensive it looks a pity. Franklin illumined corners of American life that still possess the lingering gleam of his focus. His father was a true polymath and entrepreneur, which will be no doubt why he’s frequently called the First American. Maybe it’s a fitting picture in the end.