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August Strindberg Biography

Full nameJohan August Strindberg
Know asAugust Johan Strindberg, Strindberg, August Johan
Birth placeStockholm, Stockholms län, Sweden
Birth date1849-01-22
Lived63 years, 3 month, 23 days
Star signAquarius
OccupationPlaywright • Novelist • Essayist • Poet • Painter
SpouseSiri von Essen

Johan August Strindberg sources


Johan August Strindberg Biography:

Writer August Strindberg was born on January 22, 1849, in Stockholm, Sweden. After an incomplete university instruction and short careers as a journalist and librarian, he started composing naturalistic, often satirical fiction and plays that will earn him recognition as among Sweden’s most significant modern writers. He died in Stockholm on May 14, 1912.

His dad, Carl Oskar Strindberg, was a shipping merchant. His mom, Ulrika Eleanora (ne Norling) Strindberg, was a former maidservant; she died in 1862, when Strindberg was a lad. Nevertheless, he left the university without graduating. To make an income, he was employed as a journalist in Stockholm. He also started composing fiction, and his historical drama Master Olof was released in 1872.

In 1874, Strindberg started working as a librarian at Stockholm’s Royal Library, as well as in 1877 he married the divorced baroness and aspiring performer Siri von Essen. In 1879 he released his first novel, The Red Room, a satire of Swedish society; it was a success.

Strindberg left the Royal Library in 1881 and continued to compose scathing descriptions of modern-day Sweden, exposing what he viewed as the hypocrisies within class conflict, modern union and faith. He released a volume of short stories titled The New Kingdom in 1883 and a few of his most significant plays in the next years, including The Father (1887), a tragedy of a distressed family, and Miss Julie (1888), the emotional drama of an sexual liaison between a well-born young woman and her footman. In his work of the decade, Strindberg became known for the conversational dialogue of his plays, his severely realistic storylines and his antiestablishment opinions.

During these years, Strindberg traveled widely with his family, leaving Sweden and residing in France, Switzerland, Germany and Denmark. His union to Siri von Essen (who played the title role in the very first performances of Miss Julie) was unsettled and also would finish in 1891. In 1893 he married an Austrian journalist named Frida Uhl, whom he’d divorce a year after. For much of the 1890s, Strindberg fought to compose.

In 1899, Strindberg returned to Sweden, where he stayed for the remainder of his life. Recovering somewhat from his mental and psychological agony, he started to compose plays centered on occasions in Swedish history. After 1900 he worked in a fresh, more lyrical fashion that strove to express psychological encounter. His important late works comprised the plays The Dance of Death as well as The Dream Play; the former was a meditation on the war between the genders as well as the latter tried to evoke a genuine dream through its disjointed structure and symbolic characters. The Ghost Sonata, composed in 1907, was a “chamber play” with excellent storyline elements and themes of good and bad enacted by supernatural beings.

Strindberg married his third wife, the actress Harriet Bosse, in 1901. Strindberg lived the past few years of his life in a home in Stockholm called “The Blue Tower.” During the time of his departure, on May 14, 1912, he was hailed as a leading cultural figure and one of Sweden’s finest writers during the time of his passing.

August Strindberg Biography

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