Produced in Italy on March 25, 1867, Arturo Toscanini first created himself as a gifted conductor when he was only 19. In the age of 89, Toscanini perished in Nyc on January 16, 1957. From the time he was 17, he was conducting his own compositions in the institution. He graduated in 1885, receiving the greatest honours in composition and cello.
Nevertheless, one night in Brazil he filled in as conductor in a performance of Giuseppe Verdi’s Aida. Toscanini, who’d memorized the opera’s score, performed brilliantly and considerably impressed the crowd. Given his success, Toscanini continued to serve as conductor for the rest of the season, so creating his ability and standing in the youthful age of 19.
He went to wield his baton at many opera houses in his home country. In 1896, Toscanini conducted for the very first time at Milan’s La Scala (Italy’s most famous opera house). The music he led in this performance contained a symphony orchestra by Franz Joseph Haydn and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Nutcracker Suite. Toscanini’s success grew when he was selected to function as La Scala’s primary conductor in 1898.
In 1908, Toscanini left La Scala to head the New York Metropolitan Opera. Toscanini left the Metropolitan Opera in 1915. He returned to Italy during World War I, but just gave benefit performances before the battle was over. Following the war, Toscanini brought a La Scala orchestra on tour in Europe, Canada as well as America. Toscanini also continued to direct American groups, first appearing as a conductor together with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in 1926. He’d assist the orchestra until 1936.
Toscanini was staunchly against the development of fascism in Europe. In Italy in 1931, he was assaulted for refusing to play the fascist anthem. Toscanini had been the first non-German to conduct in the Wagner festival in Bayreuth, Germany, however he elected to not attend the festival in 1933 because of the Nazi regime. In 1936, Toscanini traveled to Palestine to conduct a number of Jewish musicians who’d fled Europe.
David Sarnoff, the head of NBC, created the NBC Symphony Orchestra especially for Toscanini in 1937. Toscanini would function as the orchestra’s musical director for 17 years, but nevertheless found time to work with other orchestras, both international as well as in America. Using the NBC Symphony Orchestra, Toscanini conducted his last live concert at Carnegie Hall on April 4, 1954. In his closing years, Toscanini reviewed records that hadn’t yet been released. Toscanini wed Carla De Martini in 1897. Wanda finally wed one of Toscanini’s collaborators, pianist Vladimir Horowitz. Toscanini’s wife died in 1951. On January 16, 1957, in the age of 89, Toscanini passed away at his house in the Riverdale section of Nyc.