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Artemisia Gentileschi Biography

Full nameArtemisia Gentileschi
Know asArtemisia Gentileschi, Gentileschi, Artemisia
Birth placeRome
Birth date1593-07-08
Lived62 years, 5 month, 24 days
SpousePierantonio Stiattesi

Artemisia Gentileschi sources


Artemisia Gentileschi Biography:

Gentileschi lived in Florence for many years, and afterwards spent time in Genoa and Venice. Around 1638, she and her father, Orazio Gentileschi, worked jointly on a string for Queen Henrietta Maria. Produced in Rome, Italy, on July 8, 1593, Artemisia Gentileschi is credited as among the biggest female painters of the Baroque period. She developed her artistic abilities together with the aid of her father, Orazio Gentileschi, an accomplished painter in his own right. Orazio was significantly affected by Caravaggio, with whom he had a short camaraderie.

Gentileschi lost her mom when she was 12 years old. She endured another disaster five years after, when she was raped by one of her dad’s co-workers, Agostino Tassi. When Tassi refused to wed her, her dad pursued a legal case against him. The trial took several months. The court exiled Tassi from Rome, but the order was never applied.

Gentileschi subsequently wed a painter from Florence named Pietro Antonio di Vicenzo Stiattesi. The couple had one child, a daughter, who lived to maturity. Their union was not a joyful one, but it gave her an opportunity to prosper as an artist. In Florence, Gentileschi appreciated the patronage of Cosimo de’ Medici, the grand duke of Tuscany, and others. Gentileschi befriended many artists, writers and thinkers of her time, including well-known astronomer Galileo.

Since she was trained by her dad, there’s been some discussion regarding who really painted specific earlier pieces by Gentileschi. The work “Madonna and Child” (c. 1609) is one such work that’s occasionally been credited to Artemisia, and occasionally to her dad. Artemisia Gentileschi’s first signed and dated painting was “Susanna and the Elders,” finished around 1610. Chosen in the Bible, Susanna is a woman tormented by two seniors who falsely accused her of infidelity after she rejects them; Gentileschi’s work manages to carry this contradiction in a graphic, realistic way.

Some of Gentileschi’s remaining paintings focus on a female protagonist. The narrative of Judith seemed several times in her artwork. Shortly after completing this work (around 1613), Gentileschi painted “Judith and her Maidservant,” which reveals the pair after Holofernes’s departure, together with the maid holding a basket featuring his severed head. Gentileschi also handled other well known figures from history and mythology with such works as “Minerva” (1615) and “Cleopatra” (162122).

Around this same time, she painted among her best known self portraits, “Self Portrait as the Allegory of Painting.” A brief time afterwards, in 1635, she finished another spiritual-themed work, “The Arrival of St. John the Baptist.” Around 1639, Gentileschi traveled to England to work together with her dad. He’d been commissioned by Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of King Charles I, to develop some paintings for her home in Greenwich.

Gentileschi continued to paint for the remainder of her days, but a lot of specialists reason that her greatest works were finished in her early career. She died in Naples around 1652. During her life, Gentileschi managed to do the unheard of: prosper in a male dominated field as a girl. Now, she remains an inspiration, not only for her strong graphics, but also for her skill to beat the limits and biases of her time.

Artemisia Gentileschi Biography

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