His dad, Pavel, was a grocer with regular cash problems; his mom, Yevgeniya, shared her love of storytelling with Chekhov and his five siblings. When Pavel’s company failed in 1875, he took the family to Moscow to try to find other work while Chekhov stayed in Taganrog until he completed his studies. Chekhov eventually joined his family in Moscow in 1879 and registered at medical school.
Through the mid-1880s, Chekhov practiced as a doctor and began to release serious works of fiction under his own name. His pieces appeared in the paper New Times and then as part of collections including Motley Stories (1886). His story “The Steppe” was an important success, earning its writer the Pushkin Prize in 1888. Like the majority of Chekhov’s early work, it revealed the influence of the leading Russian realists of the 19th century, including Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
Chekhov also composed works for the theatre in this time. His first plays were brief farces; yet, he soon developed his trademark style, that has been a unique mixture of comedy and tragedy. Plays such as Ivanov (1887) and The Wood Demon (1889) told stories about well-informed men of the upper classes contending with debt, disorder and unavoidable letdown in life. Chekhov composed many of his best works in the 1890s through the previous couple of years of his life. In his short stories of the span, including “Ward No. 6” and “The Lady with the Dog,” he shown a deep comprehension of human nature and the ways in which common occasions can carry more profound significance.
In his plays of those years, Chekhov concentrated mainly on disposition and characters, demonstrating they may be more significant compared to storylines. Not much appears to occur to his alone, commonly distressed characters, but their internal struggles take on great importance. Their narratives are quite unique, painting a picture of pre-revolutionary Russian society, yet classic.
In 1901, Chekhov married Olga Knipper, an actress in the Moscow Art Theatre. Yet, by this stage his health was in decline as a result of tuberculosis that had influenced him since his youth. While staying in a health resort in Badenweiler, Germany, he expired in the first hours of July 15, 1904, in the age of 44. Chekhov is regarded as among the leading literary figures of his time. His plays are still staged world-wide, and his general body of work affected significant writers of an variety of genres, including James Joyce, Ernest Hemingway, Tennessee Williams and Henry Miller.