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Rafael Trujillo Biography

Full nameRafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina
Know asTrujillo, Rafael, Rafael Trujillo
Birth date1891-10-24
Died1961-05-30
Lived69 years, 7 month, 6 days
SpouseMaria Martínez de Trujillo
ChildrenYolanda, Rafael, Odette Trujillo Ricardo, María de los Angeles del Sagrado Corazón de Jesus, Leonidas Rhadamés, Leonidas Radhamés Trujillo Martínez, Rafael Trujillo Lovatón, Yolanda Trujillo Lovatón

Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina sources

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Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina Biography:

He became president of the Dominican Republic in 1930 through political steering and torture. He formally held the office until 1938, when he picked a puppet successor. As a kid, Trujillo attended casual schools held in various villagers’ houses. His schooling occurred in fits and starts and was rudimentary at best.

When Trujillo was 16 years old, he took work as a telegraph operator. In light to become a family man, Trujillo traded in his life of crime to get a steady day job. By the end of 1916, he took a weigher place on a sugar plantation. Showing leadership qualities, Trujillo was afterwards promoted to private cop on the plantation. By 1919, Trujillo was restless and ready to escape the monotony of his rural life. After finishing his training, Trujillo immediately rose up the rankings. In 1924 he was made second in command of the guard as well as in June of 1925, he was promoted to commander in chief.

In early 1930, after Dominican President Horacio Vasquez confronted revolts as well as a provisional government was created, Trujillo named himself a nominee in the new presidential elections. During Trujillo’s campaign, he arranged a secret police force to torture and homicide supporters of the opposing candidate. Unsurprisingly, Trujillo won the election with a landslide.

Soon into Trujillo’s first period, Santo Domingo, the Dominican capital, was devastated by means of a hurricane. Trujillo used the catastrophe as an justification to impose martial law on all citizens. He additionally levied “crisis taxes” and even captured the bank accounts of his resistance. Trujillo spent another six years renovating the city and constructing several monuments in his own honour. Upon finishing renovations, Trujillo renamed Santo Domingo “Ciudad Trujillo.” During his added years in office, Trujillo continued to utilize his power for private gain. He took complete control of important businesses and fiscal institutions. The state found some progress to its market, but those were mostly restricted to the capital city.

Trujillo himself candidly defended his reign together with the declaration that, “He who will not find out the best way to deceive doesn’t understand the best way to rule.” Trujillo was understood to handle the Dominican Republic’s Haitian migrants with specially severity as well as a willful disregard for his or her civil liberties. In 1937, he went up to now as to orchestrate the massacre of a large number of Haitian immigrants.

Trujillo formally held the office of president until 1938, when he picked a puppet successor. He restarted his official place from 1942 until 1952 but later continued to rule by force until his passing in 1961. Toward the conclusion of his life, he faced growing resistance from Dominican citizens in addition to foreign pressure to slack his rule. He also began losing military support in the army, with the CIA steering to get him removed from power.

Rafael Trujillo Biography