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Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours Biography

He died at his son’s residence in Eleutherian Mills, Delaware, on August 6, 1817. He was trained in watchmaking but he also received an instruction in the humanities. From the mid-1760s he’d started to create a name for himself with his writings about economics, including publications about taxing as well as the agricultural grain commerce.

These accomplishments brought du Pont to the interest of well known economists Franois Quesnay and Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot, who became his mentors. Quesnay was the creator of Physiocracy, a reform minded economic philosophy that affected du Pont for the remainder of his profession. The fundamental notions of Physiocracy were a belief that natural law regulated society; the promotion of agriculture as society’s main method of production; and facilitation of low tariffs and free trade.

In the 1770s du Pont started to participate in European issues in addition to French national politics. As well as serving as an economic adviser to Louis XVI, he was a consultant to the king of Sweden as well as the Margrave of Baden, and he helped to arrange a fresh system of national education in Poland. Called back to France, he given to discussions for the Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolution and created the United States’ independence from Great Britain in 1783. In 1786, he helped to shape an important trade deal between France and England. He was honored for all these tasks with titles and decorations, and his income enabled him to buy an estate in Nemours, France.

The outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 brought of some developments in du Pont’s life and livelihood. He was initially active in the revolt from the monarchy and he served in the brand new governing body of the National Assembly. Nevertheless, his politics were too reasonable for the extreme reformers who shortly took power, and he was imprisoned repeatedly between 1794 and 1797.

In 1799, du Pont emigrated to America along with his second wife, Franoise Robin Poivre, and his two sons. In the United States he connected with prominent figures in American politics and economics, including Thomas Jefferson. He and Jefferson stayed friends and correspondents for the remainder of the livelihood.

But, the political winds of change continued to blow, and du Pont helped using the banishment of Napoleon as well as the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1814. He was made councilor-of-state by Louis XVIII. But when Napoleon returned from exile the next year, du Pont quickly left France.

Returning to the USA in 1815, du Pont joined his son, leuthre Irne, in Delaware. Irne, as he was understood, had founded a gunpowder factory in a site he called Eleutherian Mills, near Wilmington, Delaware; this business was the source of the du Pont compound production empire. Du Pont died in Delaware on August 6, 1817. He could be still considered important for his writings on economics as well as for his part in crucial political events of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours Biography