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Niels Bohr Biography

Full nameNiels Henrik David Bohr
Know asNiels Henrik David Bohr, Niels Bohr, Bohr, Niels Henrik David
Birth placeBohrn in Copenhagen, Denmark
Birth date1885-10-07
Died1962-11-18
Lived77 years, 1 month, 11 days
Star signLibra
EducationUniversity of Copenhagen
SpouseMargrethe Nørlund
Childrensix

Niels Henrik David Bohr sources

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Niels Henrik David Bohr Biography:

Produced on October 7, 1885, in Copenhagen, Denmark, Niels Bohr went to become an accomplished physicist who came up using a ground-breaking theory on atomic arrangements and radiation emission. He won the 1922 Nobel Prize in physics for his thoughts and years afterwards, after working about the Manhattan Project in America, called for responsible and peaceful uses of atomic energy around the globe.

Niels Bohr was born on October 7, 1885, in Copenhagen, Denmark, to mom Ellen Adler, who was portion of an effective Jewish banking family, and dad Christian Bohr, a famous physiology academic. Throughout the autumn of the exact same year, Bohr traveled to Cambridge, England, where he could check out the Cavendish Laboratory work of scientist J.J. Thomson. The couple would have six kids; four lived to maturity and one, Aage, would develop into a well known physics scientist too.

Bohr’s own research led him to theorize in some posts that atoms give off electromagnetic radiation as an effect of electrons bound to distinct orbit degrees, departing from a formerly held model espoused by Ernest Rutherford. Subsequently, in 1920, he founded the university’s Institute of Theoretical Physics, which he’d head for the remainder of his life.

Bohr received the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physics because of his work on atomic arrangements, and he’d continue to develop ground-breaking theories. He worked with Werner Heisenberg along with other scientists on a fresh quantum mechanics principle linked to Bohr’s notion of complementarity, that has been initially presented at an Italian summit in 1927. The theory claimed that physical properties on an atomic level will be viewed differently depending on experimental parameters, thus describing why light could be observed as both a particle and a wave, though never both in once. Bohr would come to use this thought philosophically as well, using the belief that evolving theories of physics greatly influenced individual viewpoints. Another physicist, by the name of Albert Einstein, did not completely see eye to eye with all of Bohr’s declarations, and their conversations became well-known in scientific communities.

Bohr went to work together with the number of scientists who have been at the vanguard of research on nuclear fission through the late 1930s, to which he given the liquid droplet theory. Outside of his initiating notions, Bohr was known for his wit and heat, and his humanitarian ethos would tell his later work.

With Adolf Hitler’s rise in power, Bohr could provide German Jewish physicists recourse at his institute in Copenhagen, which in turn led traveling to America for many. Once Denmark became inhabited by Nazi forces, the Bohr family escaped to Sweden, with Bohr and his son Aage finally making their approach to America. Bohr subsequently worked with the Manhattan Project in Los Alamos, New Mexico, where the very first atomic bomb had been created. Because he’d issues about the way in which the bomb may be utilized, he called for future international arms control and active communicating in regards to the weapon between countries an idea met with opposition by Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

In his “Open Letter to the United Nations,” dated June 9, 1950, Bohr seen an “open world” way of existence between nations that left isolationism for authentic cultural exchange. Bohr was a prolific writer with over 100 publications to his name. After having a stroke, he expired on November 18, 1962, in Copenhagen. Bohr’s son Aage shared with two others the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physics because of his analysis on movement in atomic nuclei.

Niels Bohr Biography