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Martin Van Buren Biography

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Martin Van Buren was born on December 5, 1782, in Kinderhook, Ny. He expired on July 24, 1862, in Kinderhook. His parents, Abraham and Maria, were of Dutch ancestry and small means. His dad was a farmer but also ran a pub, which often functioned as a political assembly place and where youthful Martin was initially exposed to politics. The lad attended local schools as well as the Kinderhook Academy until age 14, when his dad, not able to manage to send Martin to school, managed to procure him an apprenticeship having an attorney. He studied law in the following years, as well as in 1803 was accepted to the bar. Van Buren started his own practice soon afterwards.

In 1807, Van Buren wed his cousin, Hannah Hoes, as well as the couple would eventually have four kids, two of whom would later serve within their dad’s Cabinet. Around now, Van Buren also become more involved in politics, especially with the so called Bucktail faction of the Democratic- Republican Party, a group dedicated to the Jeffersonian notions of small government. In 1812, Van Buren was elected to the very first of his two terms in the New York State Senate, as well as in 1815 he was named as Ny ‘s attorney general. In this period, he proved himself to be an adept politician, using political appointments and fiscal contributions to ensure votes, and efficiently confirming what would prove to be the foundations of the current political machine.

Despite this personal catastrophe, he continued to pursue his political goals and was elected to the United States Senate in 1821. This group would later evolve to the Democratic Party. Nevertheless, he resigned that place just several months after when Andrew Jackson, whom he’d helped win the presidency, chosen Van Buren as his secretary of state. Following this reorganization, Jackson rewarded Van Buren’s devotion and sacrifice by making him minister to Great Britain.

In 1832, when Jackson ran for another period, he picked Van Buren as his running mate. Van Buren was formally nominated after that year in the very first-ever Democratic convention, and he and Jackson were readily elected. In 1835, by the end of Jackson’s period, Van Buren was unanimously nominated for president. He ran on the program that he’d basically continue Jackson’s policies, as well as in 1836 readily got the better of his three adversaries in the Whig Party.

Van Buren took office in March of 1837 and instantly faced considerable challenges. The most important of these was a financial panic, started during Jackson’s second period and activated by the transfer of federal funds in the Bank of America to state banks. In the aftermath, numerous banks and companies failed and a large number of men and women lost their land, making it the worst fiscal disaster in the country ‘s history up to that particular point. Van Buren pointed the finger mainly in the Bank of America and proposed that federal funds instead be transferred to a completely independent treasury. A measure creating this treasury would eventually pass years after, however in the interim Van Buren’s political adversaries sought to blame him for the disaster.

Another challenge Van Buren faced during his presidency was growing tension between the U.S. and British authorities over a border dispute. Skirmishes along the Maine–New Brunswick edge were bringing both countries to the point of war, but Van Buren sought to solve the problem diplomatically, sending an envoy to negotiate a treaty with Great Britain. Although the discussions were finally successful, those who had wanted the United States take a stronger stand in the issue counted this among Van Buren’s failings. Farther injure Van Buren’s political picture, both without his party and inside, were Van Buren’s stand from the annexation of Texas and his continuance of Jackson’s policies against Native Americans, which many individuals viewed as inhumane.

He was soundly defeated by the nominee in the Whig Party, William Henry Harrison, neglecting to take even his home state of New York. Van Buren ran again in 1848 as an associate of the Free Soil Party, that has been made up mostly of various antislavery factions, however he received just 10 percent of the vote. Van Buren spent much of his later years travelling widely, subsequently returned to Kinderhook and composed his memoirs. He expired on July 24, 1862, in the age 79, and was entombed in the Kinderhook Cemetery.

Martin Van Buren Biography